Ch 21 - Pharmacology Terminology Flashcards Preview

Biomedical Terminology > Ch 21 - Pharmacology Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 21 - Pharmacology Terminology Deck (30):
1

aer/o

air

ex. aerosol - particles of drugs suspended in air

2

alges/o

sensitivity to pain

ex. analgesic - p. without sensitivity to pain

3

bronch/o

bronchial tube

ex. bronchodilator - widening of bronchial tubes

4

chem/o

drug

ex. chemotherapy - treatment using drugs

5

cras/o

mixture

ex. idiosyncrasy - an abnormal, unexpected effect of a drug that is peculiar to an individual patient

6

cutane/o

skin

ex. subcutaneous - p. under the skin

7

derm/o

skin

ex. hypodermic - p. under the skin

8

erg/o

work

ex. synergism - drugs that work together

9

esthes/o

feeling, sensation

ex. anesthesia - condition of without nervous sensation

10

hist/o

tissue

ex. antihistamine - an agent that acts against histamine production

11

hypn/o

sleep

ex. hypnotic - p. sleep

12

iatr/o

treatment

ex. iatrogenic - p. being produced by treatment

13

lingu/o

tongue

ex. sublingual - p. underneath the tongue

14

myc/o

mold, fungus

ex. erythromycin - an antibiotic made from red mold

15

narc/o

stupor

ex. narcotic - substance that produces stupor/dazed state

16

or/o

mouth

ex. oral - p. the mouth

17

pharmac/o

drug

ex. pharmacology - study of drugs

18

prurit/o

itching

ex. antipruritic - p. against itching

19

pyret/o

fever

ex. antipyretic - p. against fever

20

thec/o

sheath (of brain and spinal cord)

ex. intrathecal

21

tox/o

poison

ex. toxic - p. poison

22

toxic/o

poison

ex. toxicology - study of poisons

23

vas/o

vessel

ex. vasodilator - substance that causes the blood vessels to widen

24

ven/o

vein

ex. intravenous - p. within a vein

25

vit/o

life

ex. vitamin - substance that is needed for a good life and growth

26

ana-

upward, excessive, again

ex. anaphylaxis - exaggerated hypersensitivity to foreign protein

27

anti-

against

ex. antidote - a substance that is given to counteract the unwanted effect of a drug

28

contra-

against, opposite

ex. contraindication - to point out against

29

par-

other than, apart from

ex. parenteral - apart from the intestine

30

syn-

together, with

ex. synergistic - p. working together