Ch 2 - Terminology Flashcards Preview

Biomedical Terminology > Ch 2 - Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 2 - Terminology Deck (47)
1

abdomin/o

abdomen

ex. adbodminal - p. the abdomen

2

adip/o

fat

ex. adipose - full of fat

3

anter/o

front

ex. anterior - p. the front

4

cervic/o

neck (of the body or of the uterus)

ex. cervical - p. the neck

5

chondr/o

cartilage (type of connective tissue)

ex. 1) chondroma - benign tumor of cartilage

ex. 2) chondosarcoma - malignant tumor of cartilage

6

chrom/o

color

ex. chromosomes - bodies of color

7

coccyg/o

coccyx (tailbone)

ex. coccygeal - p. the coccyx

8

crani/o

skull

ex. craniotomy - incision of the skull

9

cyt/o

cell

ex. cytoplasm - formation of cell

10

dist/o

far, distant

ex. distal - p. far from the beginning of a structure

11

dors/o

back portion of the body

ex. dorsal - p. the back portion of the body

12

hist/o

tissue

ex. histology - process of study of tissue

13

ili/o

ilium (upper part of the pelvic bone)

ex. iliac - p. the ilium

14

inguin/o

groin

ex. inguinal - p. the groin

15

kary/o

nucleus

ex. karyotype - picture classification of the nucleus

16

later/o

side

ex. lateral - p. the side of the body

17

lumb/o

lower back (side and back between the ribs and the pelvis)

ex. lumbosacral - p. the lower back and sacrum

18

medi/o

middle

ex. medial - p. the middle of the body

19

nucle/o

nucleus

ex. nucleic - p. the nucleus

20

pelv/i

pelvis

ex. pelvic - p, the pelvis

21

poster/o

back, behind

ex. posterior - p. the back of the body

22

proxim/o

nearest

ex. proximal - p. near the beginning of a structure

23

sacr/o

sacrum

ex. sacral - p. the sacrum

24

sarc/o

flesh

ex. sarcoma - malignant tumor of the flesh

25

spin/o

spine, backbone

ex. spinal - p. the spine

26

thel/o, theli/o

nipple

ex. epithelial cell - cell p. above the skin This cell, originally identified in the skin of the nipples, lies on body surfaces, externally (outside the body) and internally (lining cavities and organs).

27

thorac/o

chest

ex. thoracic - p. the chest

28

thrache/o

trachea, windpipe

ex. tracheal - p. the trachea

29

umbilic/o

navel, umbilicus

ex. umbilical - p. the navel

30

ventr/o

belly side of the body

ex. ventral - p. the belly side of the body

31

vertebr/o

vertebra(e), backbone(s)

ex. vertebral - p. the vertebra(e)

32

viscer/o

internal organs

ex. visceral - p. the internal organs

33

ana-

up

ex. anabolism - process of building up substances

34

cata-

down

ex. catabolism - process of breaking down substances

35

epi-

above

ex. epinephrine - hormone secreted by the adrenal gland

36

hypo-

below

ex. hypochondriac region - region p. below the cartilage

37

inter-

between

ex. intervertebral - p. between the vertebrae

38

intra-

within

ex. intravenous - p. within a vein

39

meta-

change

ex. metabolism - Litterally, to cast a change, meaining the chemical changes (processes) that occur in a cell

40

-eal

pertaining to

41

-iac

pertaining to

42

-ior

pertaining to

43

-ism

process, condition

44

-ose

pertaining to, full of

45

-plasm

formation

46

-somes

bodies

47

-type

picture, classification