Ch 7 - Urinary System Terminology Flashcards Preview

Biomedical Terminology > Ch 7 - Urinary System Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 7 - Urinary System Terminology Deck (27):
1

cali/o,
calic/o

calyx (calix); cup shaped

ex. caliectasis - dilation of the calyx

2

cyst/o

urinary bladder

ex. cystitis - inflammation of the urinary bladder

3

glomerul/o

glomerulus

ex. glomerular capsule - p. the capsule that surrounds each glomerulus

4

meat/o

meatus

ex. meatal stenosis - narrowing of the meatus

5

nephr/o

kidney

ex. paranephric - p. near the kidney

6

pyel/o

renal pelvis

ex. pyelolithotomy - incision to remove kidney stone

7

ren/o

kidney

ex. renal ischemia - holding back the flow of blood in the kidney

8

trigon/o

trigone (region of the bladder)

ex. trigonitis - inflammation of the trigone

9

ureter/o

ureter

ex. ureteroplasty - surgical repair of the ureter

10

urethr/o

urethra

ex. urethritis - inflammation of the urethra

11

vesic/o

urinary bladder

ex. intravesical - p. within the bladder

12

albumin/o

abumin (a protein in the blood)

ex. albuminuria - protein in the urine

13

azot/o

nitrogen

ex. azotemia - nitrogen in the blood

14

bacteri/o

bacteria

ex. bacteriuria - bacteria in the urine

15

dips/o

thirst

ex. polydipsia - increased thirst

16

kal/o

potassium

ex. hyper kalemia - high levels of potassium in blood

17

ket/o,
keton/o

ketone bodies (ketoacids and acetone)

ex. ketosis - abnormal condition of ketones in blood

18

lith/o

stone

ex. nephrolithiasis - abnormal condition of kidney stones

19

natr/o

sodium

ex. hyponatremia - low levels of sodium in the blood

20

noct/o

night

ex. nocturia - excessive urination at night

21

olig/o

scanty

ex. oliguria - scanty urination

22

-poietin

substance that forms

ex. erythropoietin - hormone secreted by the kidney to increase RBC

23

py/o

pus

ex. pyuria - pus in urine

24

-tripsy

crushing

ex. lithotripsy - process of crushing stones in the urinary tract

25

ur/o

urine (urea)

ex. uremia - urea in the blood

26

urin/o

urine

ex. urinary incontinence - inability to hold back urination

27

-uria

urination; urine condition

ex. dysuria - difficult/painful urination