Ch 3 - Terminology Flashcards Preview

Biomedical Terminology > Ch 3 - Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 3 - Terminology Deck (55):
1

-algia

pain

ex. arthralgia - joint pain

2

-cele

hernia

ex. rectocele - hernia of the rectum

3

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

ex. thoracentesis - surgical puncture of the chest

4

-coccus (singular)

berry-shaped bacterium

ex. streptococcus - berry-shaped bacterium in twisted chains

5

-cocci (plural)

bacteria

ex. staphylococci - berry-shaped bacteria in clusters

6

-cyte

cell

ex. erythrocyte - red blood cell

7

-dynia

pain

ex. pleurodynia - pain in the chest wall or pleura

8

-ectomy

excision, removal, resection

ex. layngectomy - removal of the larynx

9

-emia

blood condition

ex. anemia - decrease in erythrocytes or hemoglobin

10

-genesis

condition of producing, forming

ex. carcinogenesis - condition of producing cancer

11

-gram

record

ex. electroencephalogram - record of electricity of the brain

12

-graph

instrument for recording

ex. electroencephalograph - instrument for recording electricity of the brain

13

-graphy

process of recording

ex. electroencephalography - process of recording electricity of the brain

14

-itis

inflammation

ex. bronchitis - inflammation of the bronchial tubes

15

-logy

study of

ex. ophthalmology - study of the mind

16

-lysis

breakdown, destruction, separation

ex. hemolysis - destruction of blood

17

-malacia

softening

ex. osteomalacia - softening of the bone

18

-megaly

enlargement

ex. acromegaly - enlargement of the extremity

19

-oma

tumor, mass, collection of fluid

ex. myoma - a benign tumor

20

-opsy

to view

ex. biopsy - to view living tissue

21

-osis

condition, usually abnormal

ex. necrosis - condition of death of a cell

22

-pathy

disease condition

ex. cardiomyopathy - disease of the heart muscle

23

-penia

deficiency

ex. erythopenia - deficiency of the erythrocyte

24

-phobia

fear

ex. acrophobia - fear of heights

25

-plasia

development, formation, growth

ex. achondroplasia - lack of cartilage formation

26

-plasty

surgical repair

ex. angioplasty - repair of blood vessels

27

-ptosis

drooping, falling, prolapse

ex. blepharoptosis - drooping of eyelid

28

-rrhea

flow, discharge

ex. rhinorrhea - discharge of the nose

29

-sclerosis

hardening

ex. arteriosclerosis - hardening of the artery

30

-scope

instrument for visual examination

ex. laparoscope - instrument to visually examine the abdomen

31

-scopy

process of visual examination

ex. laparoscopy - process of visually examining the abdomen

32

-stasis

controlling, stopping

ex. metasis - beyond control

33

-stomy

opening to form a mouth (stoma)

ex. colostomy - new opening in the colon

34

-therapy

treatment

ex. hydrotherapy - treatment using water

35

-tomy

incision, cutting into

ex. laparotomy - incision into the abdomen

36

-trophy

development, nourishment

ex. hypertrophy - excessive development

37

-er

one who

ex. radiographer - individual who records x-rays

38

-ia

condition

ex. leukemia - cancer of the WBC

39

-ist

specialist

ex. nephrologist - specialist in the study of the kidney

40

-ole

little, small

ex. arteriole - small artery

41

-ule

little, small

ex. venule - small vein

42

-um, -ium

structure, tissue

ex. pericardium - structure surrounding the heart

43

-us

structure, substance

ex. mucus - sticky secretion

44

-y

condition, process

ex. nephropathy - disease of the kidney

45

-ac, -iac

pertaining to

ex. cardiac - p. to the heart

46

-al

pertaining to

ex. peritoneal - p. to the peritoneum

47

-ar

pertaining to

ex. tonsillar - p. to the tonsils

48

-ary

pertaining to

ex. pulmonary - p. to the lung

49

-eal

pertaining to

ex. laryngeal - p. to the voice box

50

-genic

pertaining to, producing, produced by or in

ex. osteogenic - p. produced by bone

51

-ic, -ical

pertaining to

ex. chronic - p. long term

52

-oid

resembling, derived from

ex. adenoids - lymphatic tissue resembling glands

53

-ose

pertaining to, full of

ex. adipose - p. fat

54

-ous

pertaining to

ex. mucous membrane - lining that secretes the mucus

55

-tic

pertaining to

ex. necrotic - p. death of cells