Ch 23 Scrotum - Fill in the Blank Flashcards Preview

Sonography > Ch 23 Scrotum - Fill in the Blank > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 23 Scrotum - Fill in the Blank Deck (30):
1

The testes are symmetric, oval-shaped glands residing in the ______

scrotum

2

The seminiferous tubules converge at the apex of each lobule and anastomose to form the ________in the mediastinum.

rete testis

3

The largest part of the epididymis is the ______, measuring 6 to 15 mm in width.

head

4

The ductus epididymis becomes the ________ and continues in the spermatic cord.

vas deferens

5

The testis is completely covered by a dense, fibrous tissue termed the ________.

tunica albuginea

6

The _________ supports the ducts coursing within the testis.

mediastinum

7

The space between the layers of the tunica vaginalis is where ________ can form.

hydroceles

8

The _______ is a continuation of the ductus _______.

vas defernes, epididymis

9

The vas deferns dilates at the terminal portion near ______

seminal vesicles

10

Right and left testicular arteries arise from the ________ just below the level of the renal arteries.

abdominal aorta

11

Venous drainage of the scrotum occurs through the veins of the _________ plexus.

panpiniform

12

Power doppler is often used as a way to quickly get to a sensitive setting that will demonstrate _______ flow.

slow

13

The most important goal of the ultrasound examination in testicular trauma is to determine if ________ has occurred.

rupture

14

An acute hematocele is __________ with numerous, highly visible echoes that can be seen to float or move in real time.

echogenic

15

The most common cause of acute scrotal pain in adults is _________ infection of the epididymis and testis

epididymo-orchitis

16

The normal epididymis shows ______ flow with color doppler.

little

17

With epididymitis, Doppler waveforms demonstrate _______ velocities in both systole and diastole. A low resistance waveform pattern is present.

increased

18

Hydroceles are found around the ______ aspect of the testis.

anterolateral

19

________ of the spermatic cord occurs as a result of abnormal mobility of the testis within the scrotum.

torsion

20

The ______ anomaly occurs when the tunica vaginalis completely surrounds the testis, epididymis, and distal spermatic cord, allowing them to move and rotate freely within the scrotum.

Bell Clapper

21

Torsion is the most common cause of acute scrotal pain in __________

adolescents

22

A(n) _________ of perfusion in the symptomatic testis with normal perfusion demonstrated in the asymptomatic side is considered to be diagnostic torsion.

absence

23

Extratesticular cysts are found in the tunica ______ or epididymis.

albuginea

24

________ are usually caused nu incompetent venous valves within the spermatic vein.

varicoceles

25

Omental hernias appear ________ because of the omental fat

echogenic

26

A(n) ________ contains serous fluid and is the most common cause of painless scrotal swelling.

hydroceles

27

Testicular cancer occurs most frequently between the ages of ________ years.

20-34

28

Patients with ________ testes are 2.5 to 8 times more likely to develop cancer.

undescended

29

These masses called ________ are usually benign, whereas ________ masses are more likely to be malignant.

extratesticular, intratesticular

30

The term _________ describes a condition in which the testis has not descended into the scrotum and cannot be brought into the scrotum with external manipulation.

undescended testis or cryptochidism