Chapter 44 Evaluating Female Infertility Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 44 Evaluating Female Infertility Deck (13):
1

Infertility is the inability to conceive within ______ months with regular coitus.

12

2

The role of the cervix in fertility is to provide a(n) _______ environment to harbor sperm.

nonhostile

3

When assessing the endometrium, the sonographer wants to evaluate the ________ and _________ characteristics and to include evaluation for any ________ lesions.

thickness, echogenicity, intracavitary

4

The congenital anomalies most easily assessed with ultrasound require evaluation for _________ uterus and _________ uterus.

bicornuate, didelphys

5

________ uterus is associated with a low incidence of fertility complications.

bicornuate

6

The fallopian tubes can be examined by ultrasound to evaluate for a hydrosalpinx and assess _______ by injecting saline into the tube and looking for spillage of fluid into the cul-de-sac or by using contrast to evaluate for spillage.

patency

7

A follicle is selected to develop into a _______ follicle in response to follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and increase in estradiol.

dominant

8

The dominant follicle will grow at a rate of approximately 2 to 3 mm per day until it reaches an average diameter of ____ mm.

22

9

If serum estradiol is ________ and a large ovarian cyst is present, then oral contraceptives may be indicted to suppress follicular activity before ovarian stimulation therapy is started.

elavated

10

A normal endometrial response associated with ovarian stimulation is increasing thickness from 2 to 3 mm to ______ mm.

12 to 14

11

Complications associated with assisted reproductive technologies include ovarian ________ syndrome, multiple ______, and _______ pregnancy.

hyperstimulation , gestation, ectopic

12

_________ is a syndrome that presents sonographically as enlarged ovaries with multiple cysts, abdominal ascites, and pleural effusions.

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

13

An ectopic pregnacy coexisting with an intrauterine pregnancy is a(n) ________ pregnancy.

heterotopic