Flashcards in Chapter 44 Evaluating Female Infertility Deck (13):
Infertility is the inability to conceive within ______ months with regular coitus.
The role of the cervix in fertility is to provide a(n) _______ environment to harbor sperm.
When assessing the endometrium, the sonographer wants to evaluate the ________ and _________ characteristics and to include evaluation for any ________ lesions.
thickness, echogenicity, intracavitary
The congenital anomalies most easily assessed with ultrasound require evaluation for _________ uterus and _________ uterus.
________ uterus is associated with a low incidence of fertility complications.
The fallopian tubes can be examined by ultrasound to evaluate for a hydrosalpinx and assess _______ by injecting saline into the tube and looking for spillage of fluid into the cul-de-sac or by using contrast to evaluate for spillage.
A follicle is selected to develop into a _______ follicle in response to follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and increase in estradiol.
The dominant follicle will grow at a rate of approximately 2 to 3 mm per day until it reaches an average diameter of ____ mm.
If serum estradiol is ________ and a large ovarian cyst is present, then oral contraceptives may be indicted to suppress follicular activity before ovarian stimulation therapy is started.
A normal endometrial response associated with ovarian stimulation is increasing thickness from 2 to 3 mm to ______ mm.
12 to 14
Complications associated with assisted reproductive technologies include ovarian ________ syndrome, multiple ______, and _______ pregnancy.
hyperstimulation , gestation, ectopic
_________ is a syndrome that presents sonographically as enlarged ovaries with multiple cysts, abdominal ascites, and pleural effusions.
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome