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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (57):
1

The study of structure and form

Anatomy

2

Examination of larger structures that's visible to the eye

Gross anatomy

3

What are some examples of gross anatomy?

Regional, comparative, systemic surface, embryology

4

Examination of structures that require magnification to be seen

Microscopic anatomy

5

What are some examples of microscopic anatomy?

Cytology, histology

6

Study of function

Physiology

7

What are characteristics of a living organism?

Organization, metabolism, growth and development, responsiveness, regulation, reproduction

8

Have complex structure and order

Organization

9

Can carry out chemical reactions

Metabolism

10

Why do living organisms reproduce?

Growth, maintenance, repair, production of offspring

11

What are the levels of organization? (smallest to largest)

Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism

12

Smallest unit of matter exhibiting characteristics of an element

Atom

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Combination of atoms

Molecules

14

Functions of atoms are determined by ____ and ____

3D shape and atomic composition

15

Microscopic structures in cells for specialized functions

Organelles

16

Smallest unit of life

Cellular Level

17

What are the basic principles of the cell theory?

Cells are structural building blocks, cells come from pre-existing cells, smallest structural units which perform vital functions

18

Groups of cells working together for a specific function

Tissue

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What are the 4 types of tissues?

Epithelial, muscle, nerve, connective

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Two or more tissues working together

Organ

21

Organs working together

Organ system

22

What is the function for the cardiovascular system?

Transport

23

Makes offspring

Reproductive system

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Removes wastes

Urinary

25

Breathing; gas exchange

Respiratory

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Electrical communication

Nervous

27

Structure of body

Skeletal

28

Movement

Muscular

29

Superficial protection

Integumentary

30

Immunity

Lymphatic

31

Chemical communication

Endocrine

32

Metabolism, absorbing nutrients

Digestive

33

Hands to the sides with palms facing forward and feet together

Anatomical position

34

Laying down in the anatomical position face up

Supine

35

Laying down in the anatomical position face down

Prone

36

In front of

Anterior/ ventral

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In back of

Posterior/ dorsal

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Above

Superior

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Below

Inferior

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Closer to the midline

Medial

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Further from the midline

Lateral

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Closer to the surface

Superficial

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Further from the surface

Deep

44

Closer to the trunk of attachment

Proximal

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Further from the trunk of attachment

Distal

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Vertical plane that separates anterior from posterior

Frontal/ coronal

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Vertical plane down the midline dividing the body into equal left and right parts

Midsagittal

48

Does not directly run down midline dividing body into unequal left and right parts

Sagittal

49

Plane is perpendicular to the long axis and separates superior from inferior

Transverse/ horizontal

50

Ability to maintain consistent internal environment

Homeostasis

51

Sensor which is sensitive to a particular environmental change or stimulus

Receptor

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Receives and processes information supplied by the receptor and sends out commands

Control Center

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Responds to commands given by control center

Effectors

54

Effector activation opposes or negates the original stimulus; make it opposite

Negative Feedback

55

Stimulus is reinforced until a climatic event occurs; keeps going

Positive feedback

56

What is an example of negative feedback?

Being too cold, then you warm up

57

What is an example of positive feedback?

Blood clotting