Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (36):
1

support and position axial skeleton

axial muscle

2

support move, brace limbs

appendicular muscle

3

fixed attachment

origin

4

attachment that moves towards the origin

insertion

5

fascicles run parallel to the long axis of the muscle, high endurance

parallel muscle

6

what is an example of parallel muscle

biceps brachii

7

fascicles extend over broad area and converge to a common attachment

convergent muscle

8

what is an example of a convergent muscle?

pectoralis major

9

fascicles from a common angle to their tendon, feather appearance

pennate muscle

10

what is an example of a pennate muscle?

extensor digitorum, biceps femoris, deltoid

11

fascicles are arranged in a circle around an opening or recess

sphincter muscle

12

what is an example of sphincter muscles?

orbicularis oris/oculi

13

prime movement, produces desired movement

agonist

14

oppose the agonist, must stretch in order to allow for the desired action to occur

antagonist

15

helper muscle, aids the agonist as its contraction allows the agonist to work more efficiently

synergist

16

triangle

deltoid

17

trapezoid

trapezius

18

long

longus

19

short

brevis

20

larger of 2

major

21

smaller of 2

minor

22

largest

maximus

23

medium size

medius

24

smallest

minimus

25

straight

rectus

26

angled

oblique

27

circular

orbicularis

28

tends of origin

head

29

2 heads

biceps

30

3 heads

triceps

31

4 heads

quadriceps

32

flexes joint

flexor

33

extends joint

extensor

34

adducts joint

adductor

35

pronates joint

pronator

36

supinates joint

supinator