Chapter 13 (Part 1) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 (Part 1) Deck (40):
1

What connects the cerebrum?

Corpus callosum

2

Main method of communication between 2 hemispheres

Corpus callosum

3

Hemispheres will receive/send signals to/from the ____ side of the body

opposite

4

Unique functions not ordinarily performed in the opposing hemisphere

Cerebral lateralization

5

What are the actions of the right hemisphere?

Analyze sensory information, relate body to sensory environment, imagination, artistic skill

6

What are the actions of the left hemisphere?

Genearl interpretation, analytical thought, production of speech

7

Superficial layer of gray matter

Cerebral cortex

8

anterior portion of the cerebrum which ends at the central sulcus

Frontal lobe

9

What does the frontal lobe contain?

Primary motor cortex and premotor cortex

10

Issues voluntary commands to skeletal muscle

Primary motor cortex

11

Plans and coordinates learned movement

Premotor cortex

12

Coordinates information from association areas and uses it to perform abstract intellectual function

Prefrontal cortex

13

Regulates pattern of breathing and vocalization needed for speech

Broca's area

14

Controls eye movement needed for binocular vision

Frontal eye field

15

Posterior to central sulcus

Parietal lobe

16

What does the parietal lobe contain?

Primary somatosensory cortex, gnostic, wernicke's, somatosensory association

17

Receives general sensory information

Primary somatosensory cortex

18

What are some examples of general senses?

Pain, temperature, touch, pressure, vibration, proprioception

19

Where is the primary somatosensory cortex located?

Postcentral gyrus

20

Integrates and interprets sensations to distinguis texture, shapes, degree of sensation

Somatosensory association cortex

21

Responsible for understanding written or spoken language

Wernicke's area

22

Provides comprehensive understanding of current activity, integrates information from association areas regarding vision and hearing

Gnostic area

23

Posterior portion of the cerebrum

Occipital lobe

24

What does the occipital lobe contain?

Primary visual cortex, visual association area,

25

Receives visual information from the eyes

Primary visual cortex

26

Monitors patterns in primary visual cortex and interprets results

Visual association area

27

What does the temporal lobe contain?

Primary auditory cortex, auditory association area, primary olfactory cortex

28

Receives auditory information from the ear

Primary auditory cortex

29

Interprets auditory stimulation and stores memory from it

Auditory association area

30

Receives information about smell from the nose

Primary olfactory cortex

31

Deep to frontal, parietal and temporal lobes

Insula

32

Receives and processes taste information from the tongue

Primary gusatory cortex

33

Location of myelinated axons

Central white matter

34

Bundle of axons in the CNS

Tracts

35

Connect different regions of the cerebral cortex within the same hemisphere

Association tracts

36

Extend between cerebral hemispheres

Commissural tracts

37

Link cerebral cortex to inferior brain regions and spinal cord

Projection tracts

38

Collection of cell bodies (gray matter)

Cerebral nuclei

39

What are the functions of the cerebral nuclei?

-Subconscious control of skeletal muscle tone
-Regulate motor output from cerebral cortex
-Inhibit unwanted movement

40

What makes up the cerebral nuclei?

Caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus, claustrum, amygdala