Chapter 1 - The Origins Of Psychology - Pop Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 - The Origins Of Psychology - Pop Quiz Deck (15)
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0

Psychology is a science because it deals with both animal and human behavior

False

1

One of the main benefits that the science of psychology received from its roots in philosophy is that philosophy emphasizes the use of observation to acquire knowledge

False

2

Although they were in general agreement with the principles of behaviorism, gestalt psychologists had major disagreements with the principles of structuralism

False

3

Biological psychologists might investigate the effects of both drugs and brain damage on behavior

True

4

The goals of psychology are to understand, predict, and control (or influence) behavior and mental processes

True

5

What are psychologists interested in studying today?

Both behavior and mental processes

6

What was an approach to psychology that attempted to break down experience into its basic elements?

Structuralism

7

What was the approach to psychology that emphasized the practical nature of the mind and believed that processes such as consciousness helped people adapt?

Functionalism

8

Why has the psychoanalytic approach been widely criticized?

It's assertions cannot be tested with scientific methods

9

"An empirical objective of science behavior that has no need to theories of mind or personal freedom" characterizes which concept?

Behaviorism

10

On what does gestalt psychology focus?

The constructive processes of perception

11

What is a false statement?

Humanistic psychologists view people as being controlled by events in their environment

12

A (blank) psychologist would be concerned with the workplace being organized for optimal efficiency ; while a (blank) psychologist would be concerned that the workplace provided a satisfying environment

Engineering ; industrial/organizational

13

John Hinkley's (President Reagan's attempted assassin) psychological profile would probably have been created by a(n) (blank) psychologist

Forensic

14

The goal of psychology, which is sometimes perceived as controversial, is what?

Controlling behavior