Chapter 8 - Motivation Pop Quiz Flashcards Preview

PSYCH 115 > Chapter 8 - Motivation Pop Quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Motivation Pop Quiz Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

The concept of motivation incorporates both physiological and cognitive factors that influence behavior.
a. T
b. F

True

2

The idea that your likelihood of being motivated to take an advanced course in math is determined in part by your success with difficult math courses in the past is known as cognitive advantage.
a. T
b. F

False

3

Obese individuals have the same number of fat cells as normal-weight individuals, but these obese individuals' fat cells are 50-100 percent larger.
a. T
b. F

True

4

Sensation-seeking motivations are based on out strong inclination to explore and manipulate the environment as soon as we are able.
a. T
b. F

False

5

There is evidence to link the androgens with sexual activity and motivation in both males and females.
a. T
b. F

True

6

Which of the following is not an effect motivation has on our actions?
a. It directs or defines the direction of the resulting behavior.
b. It has an impact on how vigorous or intense a behavior is.
c. It controls instinctive behaviors.
d. It energizes or activated one to behave in a certain way.

c. It controls instinctive behaviors.

7

Which of the following behaviors illustrates the glucostatic theory of hunger?
a. Some people prefer sweet foods over other tastes.
b. People can easily detect changes on their blood glucose levels.
c. People are only hungry when blood glucose levels drop.
d. Drugs that deplete glucose cause immediate eating in animals.

d. Drugs that deplete glucose cause immediate eating in animals.

8

Which of the following statements is not true about need for achievement (nACH)?
a. People with high level tend to be optimistic about chances of success.
b. It can be measured using TAT.
c. Studies have found that people with high levels of nACH tend to have stronger egos.
d. Levels of nACH vary from individual to individual.

c. Studies have found that people with high levels of nACH tend to have stronger egos.

9

There is evidence that the stomach contains which of the following?
a. Caloric receptors
b. Glucoreceptors
c. Liporeceptors
d. Pressure detectors

d. Pressure detectors

10

A potent hormone that stimulates hunger and eating is which of the following?
a. Leptin
b. Neuropeptide Y
c. Cholecystokinin
d. Pancreatic hormone

b. Neuropeptide Y

11

Which one of the following does not stimulate hunger and eating behavior?
a. Increased levels of the hormone Neuropeptide Y
b. Reduced blood-sugar levels
c. Increased levels of glycerol in the bloodstream
d. Stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus

c. Increased levels of glycerol in the bloodstream

12

Following dramatic weight loss as a result of a very low calorie diet (starvation diet), why do people frequently regain much of the "lost" weight?
a. They "fall of the wagon" and engage in binge eating.
b. Their bodies need to restock stored fat.
c. Their resting metabolic rate had increased during the diet and following the diet it is reduced.
d. Their resting metabolic rate was reduced during the diet and stays at the lower level following the diet.

d. Their resting metabolic rate was reduced during the diet and stays at the lower level following the diet.

13

Which of the following statements is true?
a. Androgen-blocking drugs such as Depo Provera may be effective in reducing sexual interest and activity in human males.
b. Following castration (removal of the testes), human males always report a dramatic decrease in sexual desire or behavior.
c. Estrogens play a significant role in the sexual interest and activity of human females.
d. There is no systematic relationship between blood-androgen levels and strength of sexual motivation in young men.

a. Androgen-blocking drugs such as Depo Provera may be effective in reducing sexual interest and activity in human males.

14

Which society most actively encourages (encouraged) sexual activity?
a. Colonial American
b. Mangia (in the Polynesian Islands)
c. Dani (of New Guinea)
d. Inis Beag (on an Irish Island)

b. Mangia (in the Polynesian Islands)

15

According to the text's definition of homosexuality, which of the following is true?
a. Only men can be homosexual; women with a "homosexual orientation" are lesbians.
b. Homosexuals have a gender identity disorder.
c. A homosexual cannot engage in heterosexual activities.
d. It is not necessary to overtly express homosexual behavior to be homosexual.

d. It is not necessary to overtly express homosexual behavior to be homosexual.