Chapter 9 - Chapter 11 - Chapter 12 - Pop Quizes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Chapter 11 - Chapter 12 - Pop Quizes Deck (45)
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1

According to Plutchik's emotion wheel, there are only eight human emotions.
A. True
B. False

B. False

2

Schachter and Singer's theory of emotion agrees with the James-Lange theory in that emotions follow physiological and behavioral changes
A. True
B. False

A. True

3

Psychological responses to stress include cognitive, emotional, and behavioral responses
A. True
B. False

A. True

4

Situations that an individual does not have control over and are sudden and ambiguous are likely to be perceived as stressful
A. True
B. False

A. True

5

Stressful events decrease the functioning body's immune system
A. True
B. False

A. True

6

The physiological component of emotion is closely associated with which of the following?
A. Autonomic nervous system
B. Central nervous system
C. Skeletal or somatic nervous system
D. Brain stem functions

A. Autonomic nervous system

7

According to Plutchik's emotion wheel, emotions that are directly across from each other ________
A. Are opponent processes
B. Have the most in common
C. Are opposites
D. Are secondary emotions

C. Are opposites

8

The James-Lange theory is supported by evidence that indicates which of the following?
A. The hypothalamus is involved in emotional expression
B. Feelings of emotions are a consequence of physiological changes
C. Following a fear response, people experience elation
D. Individuals tend to look for an appropriate emotional label for physiological changes

B. Feelings of emotions are a consequence of physiological changes

9

The facial feedback theory of emotion is partially supported by the observation that indicates which of the following?
A. Emotions are always accompanied by changes in facial expression
B. Drugs that paralize facial muscles (eg. Botox) decrease the intensity of experienced emotions
C. We often experience the same emotion another is expressing
D. Forcing a smile can make people happy even when they are not

B. Drugs that paralize facial muscles (eg. Botox) decrease the intensity of experienced emotions

10

Soloman and Corbit's opponent-process theory proposes that with repeated exposure to a situation that produces and intense emotion, the initial emotion reaction will _____ while the opponent emotion reaction will _____
A. Weaken/remain constant
B. Remain constant/grow stronger
C. Weaken/grow stronger
D. Grow stronger/weaken

C. Weaken/grow stronger

11

Which of the following is NOT a common cognitive response to a stressful situation?
A. Disruptive thoughts
B. Higher than normal levels of distraction
C. Feelings of anxiety
D. Impaired performance on cognitive tasks

C. Feelings of anxiety

12

Which of the following events would be least stressful?
A. Having your parents tell you they are divorcing
B. Having your roommate tell you to move out
C. Having your partner initiate a break up of a long-term relationship
D. Initiating the break up of a long term relationship

D. Initiating the break up of a long term relationship

13

What is the main reason why ambiguous situations may cause stress?
A. One may not be able to determine an appropriate course of action
B. One needs time to mobilize defense
C. One may feel out of control
D. One may not be able to plan ahead

A. One may not be able to determine an appropriate course of action

14

The evidence linking stress to _____ is less conclusive and more controversial than for the other illnesses listed
A. Malfunctioning of the immune system
B. Coronary heart disease
C. Cancer
D. Hypertension

C. Cancer

15

Stress affects the immune system by which of the following?
A. Reducing immunocompetence
B. Activating the immune system
C. Enhancing immunocompetence
D. Destroying the immune system

A. Reducing immunocompetence

16

A major drawback of the cross-sectional design is that is takes an extended period of time to collect all the necessary information
A. True
B. False

B. False

17

Huntington's disease is a genetic condition that newborn infants are routinely screened for; if the condition is present, dietary changes can prevent the symptoms of the disease
A. True
B. False

B. False

18

Results of experiments with rats suggest that early experience effects the development of the brain
A. True
B. False

A. True

19

Children are first able to understand the principle of conversation in the pre-operational stage of cognitive development
A. True
B. False

B. False

20

Assimilation refers to the process whereby society conveys behavioral expectations to the individual
A. True
B. False

B. False

21

Unlike psychologists who emphasize the role of learning, psychologists who emphasize maturation view development as a _____ process that results in _____ changes
A. Continuous/qualitative
B. Continuous/quantitative
C. Discontinuous/qualitative
D. Discontinuous/quantitative

C. Discontinuous/qualitative

22

The research design used in developmental research that attempts to overcome some of the drawbacks associated with the other two designs is the _____ design
A. Cross-longitudinal
B. Cross-sequential
C. Cross-sectional
D. Longitudinal

B. Cross-sequential

23

A person who is heterozygous for a sex-linked recessive trait (eg. red-green color blindness) _____
A. Will not exhibit the recessive trait in their phenotype
B. Is female
C. May have offspring who exhibit the recessive trait regardless of the genetic makeup of the other parent
D. All of the above are correct

D. All of the above are correct

24

A newborn's brain has what percentage of neurons?
A. Only 25 percent of the neurons of an adult
B. 75 percent of all the neurons it will ever have
C. 50 percent of all the neurons it will ever have
D. Most-if not all-of the neurons it will ever have

D. Most-if not all-of the neurons it will ever have

25

What is a mental structure that guides future behavior while providing framework for making sense out of new information called?
A. An operation
B. A schema
C. Accommodation
D. Assimilation

B. A schema

26

What is the correct order of Piaget's stages of cognitive development?
A. Sensorimotor, concrete operations, preoperational, formal operations
B. preoperational, sensorimotor, concrete operations, formal operations
C. concrete operations, preoperational, sensorimotor, formal operations
D. sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operations

D. sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operations

27

A child begins to use logic to solve problems during the _____ stage of cognitive development, and can first think abstractly in the _____ stage of cognitive development
A. formal operations/concrete operations
B. preoperational/concrete operation
C. concrete operations/formal operations
D. preoperational/formal operations

C. concrete operations/formal operations

28

The "strange situation" is used to evaluate which of the following?
A. A child's stage of cognitive development
B. Infant-mother attachment
C. Mother-infant attachment
D. A child's stage of psychosocial development

B. Infant-mother attachment

29

The stage pf Erikson's theory of psychosocial development that is characterized by an extensive reflection concerning the past accomplishments and failures concerns the _____ crisis
A. ego integrity versus dispair
B. initiative versus guilt
C. generativity versus stagnation
D. industry versus inferiority

A. ego integrity versus dispair

30

If an adolescent developed breasts but, even after several years, did not begin menstruation, and all other causes had been ruled out, a medical doctor would most likely suspect which of the following?
A. The presence of two Y chromosomes
B. Androgen insensitivity syndrome
C. DHT deficient male syndrome
D. Fetally androgenized female syndrome

B. Androgen insensitivity syndrome