Chapter 6 - Learning and Behavior Pop Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 - Learning and Behavior Pop Quiz Deck (15)
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1

A new behavior that is acquired as a result of an individual's maturation is considered a learned behavior

False

2

When a CR that has been extinguished suddenly returns after an interval of rest, we say spontaneous recovery has occurred

True

3

Shaping involved the physical guidance of the subject to make the desired response

False

4

Bandura's study involving children and a Bobo doll demonstrated modeling

True

5

Research interested in the biological mechanisms of learning has focused on operant conditioning in the marine snail Aplysia

False

6

Associative Learning describes the process by which a connection or association is made between which of the following:
A) Two Stimuli
B) A behavior and the Consequence of that behavior
C) A problem and the solution to that problem
D) Both A and B are correct

D) Both A and B are correct

7

Young children frequently cry when their mothers leave them. Sometimes they start to cry as soon as the babysitter arrives. Why does this occur?
A) Babysitter is a UCS associated with the mother leaving
B) Babysitter uses negative reinforcement
C) Babysitter is a CS associated with the mother leaving
D) Child dislikes the babysitter

C) Babysitter is a CS associated with the mother leaving

8

Which of the following is not an important factor in the initial acquisition of a CR?
A) The motivation of the individual to perform the CR
B) The timing of the presentation of the CS and UCS
C) That the CS is clearly different from other stimuli
D) How frequently the CS and UCS have been paired

A) The motivation of the individual to perform the CR

9

What should one do to extinguish a CR?
A) Pair the CS with a second order stimulus
B) Repeatedly present the CS while not presenting the UCS
C) Withhold the UCR
D) Not present the CS for a period of several days

B) Repeatedly present the CS while not presenting the UCS

10

What is teaching an organism to respond to only one of a series of similar stimuli called?
A) Operant conditioning
B) Generalization
C) Extinction
D) Discrimination training

D) Discrimination training

11

What is the most commonly used measure of the strength of an operant response?
A) The rate of response
B) The calculation from the Law of Effect
C) The variety of stimuli that elicit the response
D) How much generalization is shown

A) The rate of response

12

Your child gets a gold star on her perfect spelling test. After accumulating several stars, the child may trade them for play time. What does the gold star represent?
A) A conditioned reinforcer
B) A primary reinforcer
C) An UCS
D) A discriminative stimulus

A) A conditioned reinforcer

13

Immediately after being reinforced, a rat on which schedule of reinforcement would show the longest pause before its next bar press?
A) FR
B) VR
C) FI
D) VI

C) FI

14

Which of the following is not a limitation or undesirable side effect of punishment?
A) It may induce counteragression against the punisher
B) Fear or anxiety may develop
C) Positive reinforcers lose their reinforcing properties
D) The results are often temporary

C) Positive reinforcers lose their reinforcing properties

15

What is the basic premise of observational learning?
A) Behavior learned through observational learning is never extinguished
B) Insight into the model's motivation is gained
C) Learning may occur without physical responses or reinforcement
D) All learning results from modeling

C) Learning may occur without physical responses or reinforcement