Chapter 1 vocabulary (full terms) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 vocabulary (full terms) Deck (45):
1

Abate

To lessen, ease, decrease, or cease.

2

Abnormal

Pertaining to away from the norm or rule

3

Acute

Sudden, sharp, severe

4

Abscess

Localized collection of pus

5

Adhesion

Process of being stuck together

6

Afferent

Carrying impulses toward a center

7

Ambulatory

Condition of being able to walk, no confined to bed

8

Antipyretic

Pertaining to an agent used to lower elevated body temperature

9

Antiseptic

Pertaining to an agent that works against sepsis; used to prevent or limit infections

10

Antitussive

Pertaining to an agent that works against coughing

11

Apathy

Condition in which one lacks feelings and emotions; indifference

12

Asepsis

Without decay; sterile

13

Autoclave

An apparatus that sterilizes instruments and items using steam under pressure

14

Autonomy

Condition of being self-governed; to function independently

15

Axillary

Pertaining to the armpit

16

Biopsy

Surgical removal of a small piece of tissue for examination

17

Cachexia

Condition of ill health

18

Centrifuge

Laboratory device used to separate solids from liquids

19

Chemotherapy

The use of chemical agents for the treatment of disease

20

Chronic

Pertaining to time; denotes a disease with slow progression

21

Diaphoresis

Profuse sweating

22

Efferent

Carrying impulses away from a center

23

Etiology

Study of the cause of disease

24

Excision

Process of cutting out (surgical removal)

25

Febrile

Pertaining to fever

26

Heterogeneous

Pertaining to a different formation; composed of unlike substances

27

Homogeneous

Composed of like substances

28

Incision

Process of cutting into

29

Macroscopic

Pertaining to objects large enough to be examined by the naked eye

30

Malaise

A general feeling of discomfort

31

Malformation

The process of being badly shaped, deformed. Structural defect that can affect function.

32

Malignant

Literally means formation of a bad kind; growing worse, cancerous

33

Maximal

Pertaining to the greatest possible quantity

34

Microorganism

Small living organisms not visible to naked eye

35

Necrosis

Abnormal condition of tissue death

36

Neopathy

New disease

37

Pallor

Paleness

38

Palmar

Pertaining to the palm

39

Paracentesis

Surgical puncture of body cavity

40

Prognosis

State of foreknowledge; prediction of course of disease

41

Prophylactic

Pertaining to preventing or protecting against disease or pregnancy.

42

Pyrogenic

Pertaining to the production of heat; a fever

43

Radiology

Study of x-rays

44

Syndrome

Group of signs and symptoms occurring together that characterize a specific disease or condition

45

Topography

Description of a body part in relation to the anatomic region in which it is located

Decks in Medical terminology Class (61):