Chapter 8 vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 vocabulary Deck (77):
1

amylase

enzyme that breaks down starch

2

anabolism

building up of the body substance in constructive phase of metabolism

3

ascites

significant accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity

4

biliary

pertaining to bile and the gallbladder

5

bilirubin

orange-coloured bile pigment

6

buccal

pertaining to the cheek

7

catabolism

a casting down

8

celiac

pertaining to the abdomen

9

cheilosis

abnormal condition of the lip

10

cholecystectomy

surgical excision of the gallbladder

11

cholecystitis

inflammation of the gallbladder

12

choledochotomy

surgical incision of the common bile duct

13

chyle

milky fluid of intestinal digestion

14

colectomy

surgical excision of part of the colon

15

colostomy

creation of a new opening into the colon

16

deglutition

process of swallowing

17

dentalgia

pain in tooth

18

dentition

type, number, and arrangement of teeth in dental arch

19

diverticulitis

inflammation of the diverticula (pouches in walls of organ)

20

duodenal

pertaining to the duodenum (first part of small intestine)

21

dysentery

intestinal disease characterized by inflammation of mucous membrane

22

dyspepsia

difficulty in digestion (indigestion)

23

dysphagia

difficulty in swallowing

24

emesis

vomiting

25

enteric

pertaining to the small intestine

26

enteritis

inflammation of the small intestine

27

eructation

belching

28

esophageal

pertaining to the esophagus

29

fibroma

fibrous, encapsulated connective tissue tumour

30

gastrectomy

surgical excision of the stomach in part or in whole

31

gastric

pertaining to the stomach

32

gastroenterology

study of the stomach and intestines

33

gastroesophageal

pertaining to stomach and esophagus

34

gavage

to feed liquid or semiliquid food by tube

35

glossotomy

surgical incision into the tongue

36

glycogenesis

formation of glycogen from glucose

37

halitosis

bad breath

38

hematemesis

vomiting of blood

39

hematochezia

passage of stools that contain blood

40

hemorrhoid

mass of dilated tortuous veins in the anorectum

41

hepatoma

tumour of the liver

42

herniorraphy

surgical repair of a hernia

43

hyperalimentation

intravenous infusion of hypertonic solution to sustain life (used with patients whose GI tracts are not functioning normally)

44

hyperemesis

excessive vomiting

45

ileitis

inflammation of the ileum

46

ileostomy

surgical creation of a new opening through the abdominal wall into the ileum

47

labial

pertaining to the lip

48

laparotomy

surgical incision into the abdomen

49

lavage

to wash out a cavity

50

lingual

pertaining to tongue

51

lipolysis

break down of fat

52

mastication

chewing

53

melena

black, tarry feces - contains digested blood

54

mesentery

pertaining to the peritoneal fold encircling small intestines

55

paralytic ileus

paralysis of intestines causing distention and symptoms of bowel obstruction

56

peptic

pertaining to gastric digestion

57

peptic ulcer disease

disease in which ulcer forms in wall of stomach, pylorus, duodenum, or esophagus

58

periodontal

pertaining to area around tooth

59

peristalsis

wavelike contraction that occurs in hollow tubes of body, particularly the GI tract

60

pharyngeal

pertaining to the pharynx

61

postprandial

pertaining to after a meal

62

proctoscope

instrument used to view interior of rectal cavity

63

pyloric

pertaining to the gatekeeper; opening between stomach and duodenum

64

rectocele

hernia of part of the rectum into the vagina

65

sialadenitis

inflammation of the salivary gland

66

splenomegaly

enlargement of spleen

67

stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth

68

sublingual

pertaining to below the tongue

69

ulcerative colitis

disease that causes inflammation and ulcers in the lining of the large intestine

70

vermiform

shaped like a worm

71

volvulus

twisting of bowel on itself that causes an obstruction

72

Three parts of small intestine, in order

duodenum
jejunum
ileum

73

What is the structure found at the entrance to the stomach?

Esophageal sphincter

74

What is the structure found at the exit from the stomach?

pyloric sphincter

75

What are the three salivary glands?

Parotid, submandibular, sublingual

76

cholecystography

xray exam of gallbladder after infestion of radiopaque dye

77

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy

examination of esophagus, stomach, duodenum

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