Chapter 17 vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 vocabulary Deck (79):
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adnexa

accessory parts of a structure

1

amenorrhea

lack of menstruation

2

bartholinitis

inflammation of Bartholin's glands

3

cervicitis

inflammation of the uterine cervix

4

colposcope

medical instrument used to examine vagina and cervix

5

culdocentesis

surgical puncture of cul-de-sac for fluid removal

6

cystocele

hernia of bladder that protrudes into vagina

7

Doppler ultrasound

procedure using audio transformation of high-frequency sounds to monitor fetal heartbeat

8

dysmenorrhea

difficult or painful menstruation

9

dyspareunia

difficult/painful sexual intercourse

10

eclampsia

complication of severe preeclampsia that involves seizures

11

ectopic pregnancy

pregnancy that occurs when fertilized egg is implanted in one of various sites

12

endometriosis

pathological condition in which endometrial tissue has been displaced to various sites in the abdominal or pelvic cavity

13

fibroma

fibrous muscle tumour

14

gravida

refers to any pregnancy, regardless of duration, when used in recording obstetrical history

15

group B streptococcus

type of bacterium found in vagina and intestinal tract

16

hymenectomy

surgical excision of the hymen

17

hysterectomy

surgical excision of the uterus

18

hysteroscope

instrument used in biopsy of uterine tissue before 12 weeks of gestation

19

hysterotomy

incision into uterus

20

intrauterine

pertaining to within the uterus

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laser ablation

procedure that uses a laser to destroy uterine lining

22

linea nigra

dark line on abdomen, appears during pregnancy

23

lochia

vaginal discharge occurring after childbirth

24

lumpectomy

surgical removal of a tumour from the breast

25

mammoplasty

surgical repair of the breast

26

mastectomy

surgical excision of the breast

27

mastitis

inflammation of the breast

28

Fallopian tubes are also known as (2 names)

uterine tubes, oviducts

29

Fallopian tubes are composed of 3 layers

serosa, muscular, mucosa

30

menarche

beginning of monthly menstruation

31

menorrhagia

excessive uterine bleeding at time of menstrual period

32

menorrhea

normal monthly menstruation

33

mittelschmerz

abnormal pain occurring midway between menstrual periods

34

myometritis

inflammation of the muscular wall of the uterus

35

oligomenorrhea

scanty monthly menstruation

36

oogenesis

formation of the ovum

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oophorectomy

surgical excision of an ovary

38

para

means to bear or bring forth

39

pelvic inflammatory disease

infection of the upper genital area

40

placenta previa

in this condition, the placenta is improperly implanted in the lower uterine segment

41

postcoital

pertaining to after sexual intercourse

42

preeclampsia

serious complication of pregnancy

43

rectovaginal

pertaining to the rectum and vagina

44

retroversion

process of being turned backward

45

salpingectomy

surgical excision of Fallopian tube

46

salpingitis

inflammation of Fallopian tube

47

salpingo-oophorectomy

surgical excision of an ovary and a Fallopian tube

48

toxic shock syndrome

serious bacterial infection caused by staphylococcus aureus bacteria

49

uterine fibroid

benign fibrous tumour of the uterus

50

vaginitis

inflammation of the vagina

51

venereal

pertaining to or resulting from sexual intercourse

52

Production of estrogen and progesterone occurs where?

corpus luteum

53

amniocentesis

surgical puncture of amniotic sac to obtain sample of amniotic fluid

54

chorionic villus sampling

determine chromosomal abnormalities and biochemical disorders

55

colposcopy

visual examination of vagina and cervix via colposcope

56

cordocentesis

examine blood from fetus to detect abnormalities

57

culdoscopy

direct visual examination of the viscera of the female pelvis

58

hysterosalpingography

xray of uterus and Fallopian tubes

59

laparoscopy

visual examination of abdominal cavity

60

Papanicolaou (Pap) smear

Screening technique to aid in detection of cervical cancer

61

pregnanediol

urine test to determine menstrual disorders

62

Normal position of uterus is known as:

anteflexion

63

Outer layer of wall of uterus

perimetrium

64

Midde layer of wall of uterus

myometrium

65

Inner layer of wall of uterus

endometrium

66

Abnormal uterus positions:
turned backward with cervix pointing forward toward symphysis pubis

retroversion

67

Abnormal uterus positions:
bent backward at angle with cervix unchanged

retroflexion

68

Abnormal uterus positions:
fundus turned toward pubis, cervix tilted up toward sacrum

anteversion

69

isthmus

constricted portion of Fallopian tube nearest uterus

70

ampulla

wider part of Fallopian tube between uterus and ovary

71

infundibulum

at the end of Fallopian tube closer to ovary

72

ostium

opening of Fallopian tube near ovary

73

fimbriae

fingerlike structures at end of Fallopian tube

74

ovarian cortex - stages of development

primary, growing, graafian

75

first 2 weeks of pregnancy is called

conceptus

76

3rd to 8th week of pregnancy is called

embryo

77

9th week onward of pregnancy is called

fetus

78

episiotomy

incision in vaginal opening to accommodate childbirth

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