Chapter 11 vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 vocabulary Deck (71):
0

alveolus

pertaining to a small air sac

1

anthracosis

lung condition caused by inhalation of coal dust

2

apnea

temporary cessation of breathing

3

asphyxia

depletion of oxygen in the blood

4

aspiration

act of drawing in or out by suction

5

asthma

disease on bronchi characterized by wheezing and a feeling of constriction in the chest

6

atelectasis

partial collapse of a segment of alveolus

7

bronchiectasis

chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi

8

bronchiolitis

inflammation of the bronchioles

9

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

10

bronchoscope

instrument used to examine the bronchi

11

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

cycle of breathing with a gradual increase in respiration followed by apnea, then repeats

12

croup

acute respiratory disease

13

diaphragmatocele

hernia of the diaphragm

14

dysphonia

condition of difficulty in speaking

15

dyspnea

difficulty in breathing

16

emphysema

chronic pulmonary disease; alveoli become distended and alveolar walls are damaged

17

empyema

pus in a body cavity (particularly pleural cavity)

18

endotracheal

pertaining to within the trachea

19

epistaxis

nosebleed

20

eupnea

normal breathing

21

hemoptysis

spitting up blood

22

hyperpnea

excessive/rapid breathing

23

hypoxia

condition of deficient amounts oxygen in the inhaled air

24

laryngeal

pertaining to the larynx

25

laryngitis

inflammation of larynx

26

laryngoscope

instrument used to visually examine the larynx

27

Legionnaire's disease

severe pulmonary pneumonia

28

lobectomy

surgical excision of a lobe of any organ/gland

29

mesothelioma

malignant tumour of the mesothelium (serous membrane of the pleura)

30

nasopharyngitis

inflammation of the nose and pharynx

31

olfaction

process of smelling

32

oropharynx

central portion of throat (between soft palate and upper epiglottis)

33

orthopnea

inability to breathe unless in upright position

34

palatopharyngoplasty

surgical procedure to relieve snoring and sleep apnea

35

pertussis

acute infectious disease; whooping cough

36

pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx

37

pleurisy

inflammation of the pleura caused by injury, infection, or tumour

38

pleuritis

inflammation of the pleura

39

pleurodynia

pain in the pleura

40

pneumoconiosis

abnormal lung condition caused by inhalation of certain types of dust (asbestos, etc)

41

pneumonia

inflammation of the lung caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other irritants

42

pneumonitis

inflammation of the lung

43

pneumothorax

pathological condition where there is air between chest wall and lungs

44

pulmonectomy

surgical excision of the lung (or part thereof)

45

pyothorax

pus in chest cavity

46

rale

abnormal sound heard on auscultation of the chest (cracking, rattling, bubbling)

47

respiratory distress syndrome

occurs in premature infants; lungs not mature enough to be producing lecithin

48

respiratory syncytial virus infection

most common cause of brochiolitis and pneumonia among children <1 year of age

49

rhinoplasty

surgical repair of the nose

50

rhinorrhea

discharge from nose

51

rhinovirus

one of the viruses that causes the common cold

52

rhonchus

rattling sound in throat or bronchial tubes

53

sarcoidosis

chronic granulomatous condition

54

sinusitis

inflammation of a sinus

55

spirometer

instrument used to measure lung volume

56

stridor

high-pitched sound caused by partial obstruction of air passageway

57

tachypnea

rapid breathing

58

thoracocentesis

surgical puncture of chest wall for removal of fluid

59

thoracoplasty

surgical repair of the chest wall

60

thoracotomy

incision into chest wall

61

tonsillectomy

surgical excision of tonsils

62

tonsillitis

inflammation of tonsils

63

tracheal

pertaining to trachea

64

trachealgia

pain in trachea

65

tracheolaryngotomy

incision into the larynx and trachea

66

tracheostomy

new opening into the trachea

67

bronchoscopy

visual examination of larynx, trachea, bronchi

68

laryngoscopy

visual examination of larynx

69

nasopharyngography

xray examination of nasopharynx

70

rhinoscopy

visual examination of nasal passages

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