Chapter 9 vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 vocabulary Deck (80):
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anastomosis

surgical connection between blood vessels, or joining of one hollow organ to another

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aneurysm

abnormal widening or ballooning of a portion of an artery due to weakness in the wall

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angina pectoris

chest pain resulting from diseased blood vessels restricting blood flow to the ❤

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angiocardiography

video xray used to follow passage of blood through heart and great vessels

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angiogram

xray record of size, shape, and location of heart and it's blood vessels

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angioma

tumor of a blood vessel

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angioplasty

surgical repair of a blood vessel

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angiostenosis

pathological condition of narrowing of a blood vessel

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arrythmia

irregularity or loss of rhythm of the heartbeat

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arterial

pertaining to artery

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ateriosclerosis

pathological condition of hardening of arteries

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arteritis

inflammation of an artery

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atheroma

tumour of an artery containing a fatty substance

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atherosclerosis

pathological condition of the arteries characterized by buildup of fatty substances and hardening of the walls

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atrioventricular

pertaining to the atrium and the ventricle

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auscultation

method of physical assessment using a stethoscope to listen to sounds within chest, abdomen, and other parts of body

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bicuspid

valve with two cusps, pertaining to mitral valve

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bradycardia

abnormally slow heartbeat (<60bpm)

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bruit

pathological noise; a sound of venous or arterial origin heard on ausculation

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cardiomegaly

enlargement of the heart

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cardiometer

instrument used to measure force of heart's action

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cardiomyopathy

disease of heart muscle that leads to deterioration of the muscle

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cardiopulmonary

pertaining to the heart and lungs

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cardiotonic

class of medication used to increase tone of the heart

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cardiovascular

pertaining to the heart and small blood vessels

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cardioversion

medical procedure used to treat cardiac arrhythmias

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cholesterol

a normal soft, waxy substance found among the lipids in the bloodstream and all body cells

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claudication

process of lameness or limping; dull cramping pain in the hips, thighs, calves, or buttocks

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constriction

process of drawing together

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cyanosis

abnormal condition of skin and mucous membranes caused by oxygen deficiency in the blood

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diastole

relaxation phase of heart cycle; heart muscle relaxes and heart chambers fill with blood

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dysrhythmia

abnormality of the rhythm or rate of heartbeat

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echocardiography

ultrasound used to evaluate heart for valvular or structural defects and coronary artery disease

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electrocardiograph

medical diagnostic device for recoring electrical impulses of heart muscle

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electrocardiophonograph

medical diagnostic device used to record heart sounds

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embolism

pathological condition cause by obstruction of blood vessel

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endarterectomy

surgical excision of the inner portion of an artery

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endocarditis

inflammation of the endocardium (inner lining of the heart)

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endocardium

inner lining of heart

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extracorporeal circulation

pertaining to circulation of blood outside the body (heart-lung machine, hemodialysis)

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fibrillation

spontaneous contraction of individual muscle fibres

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flutter

pathological rapid heart rate that may cause cardiac output to be decreased

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heart failure

pathological condition in which heart loses ability to pump blood efficiently

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hemangioma

benign tumour of a blood vessel

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hemodynamic

the dynamic study of heart's function and movement of blood and pressure

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hyperlipidemia

abnormal high levels of lipids in the blood

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infarction

process of development of an infarct, which is death of tissue resulting from obstruction of blood flow

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ischemia

condition of lack of oxygen due to decreased blood supply to part of the body caused by constriction or obstruction of blood vessel

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lipoprotein

fat and protein molecules that are bound together

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mitral stenosis

pathological condition of the narrowing of the mitral/bicuspid valve

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occlusion

blockage in a vessel, canal, or passage of the body

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oximetry

process of measuring oxygen saturation of the blood

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palpitation

abnormal rapid throbbing or fluttering of the heart

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pericardiocentesis

surgical procedure to remove fluid from pericardial sac

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peripheral artery disease

pathological condition in which fatty deposits build up in the inner linings of the artery walls

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phlebitis

inflammation of a vein

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phlebotomy

puncture of a vein to withdraw blood for analysis

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Raynaud's Phenomenon

disorder that affects blood vessels in fingers and toes

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semilunar

valves of aorta and pulmonary artery

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septum

wall or partition that divides a body space or cavity

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shock

life-threatening condition that occurs when body is not getting enough blood flow

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sinoatrial

pertaining to the sinus venosus and the atrium

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sphygmomanometer

medical instrument used to measure arterial blood pressure

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spider veins

hemangioma in which numerous telangiectatic vessels radiate from a central point

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systole

contractive phase of heart cycle

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tachycardia

rapid heartbeat that is >100bpm

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telangiectasis

vascular lesion formed by dilation of a group of small blood vessels

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thrombophlebitis

inflammation of a vein associated with formation of a thrombus (blood clot)

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thrombosis

blood clot within the vascular system

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tricuspid

valve with three cusps

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triglyceride

pertaining to organic compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acids

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valvuloplasty

surgical repair of cardiac valve

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vasoconstrictive

active narrowing of a blood vessel

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vasospasm

spasm of a blood vessel

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venipuncture

puncture of a vein for removal of blood for analysis

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angiography

x-ray recording of a blood vessel after injection of radiopaque substance

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electrocardiogram

records heart's electrical activity

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Holter monitor

portable medical device attached to patient, records a continuous electrocardiogram for 24 hours

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magnetic resonance imaging

medical imaging technique using a magnet that causes nuclei of atoms in the heart cells to vibrate

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ultrasonography

test use to visualize an organ or tissue using high-frequency sound waves

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