Chapter 12 vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Medical terminology > Chapter 12 vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12 vocabulary Deck (59):
1

albuminuria

indicates presence of serum protein in the urine

2

anuria

lack of urine production

3

bacteriuria

presence of bacteria in the urine

4

calciuria

presence of calcium in the urine

5

cystectomy

surgical excision of the bladder (or part of)

6

cystitis

inflammation of the bladder

7

cystocele

hernia of bladder that protrudes into vagina

8

cystodynia

pain in the bladder

9

cystogram

x-ray record of bladder

10

cystolithectomy

surgical excision of a stone from the bladder

11

cystoscope

medical instrument used for visual examination of the bladder

12

diuresis

pathological condition of excessive flow of urine

13

dysuria

difficult urination

14

enuresis

condition of involuntary emission of urine

15

excretory

pertaining to elimination of waste products from the body

16

extracorporeal shock wave lithotriptor

medical device to crush kidney stones

17

glomerular

pertaining to the glomerulus

18

glomeulritis

inflammation of the renal glomeruli

19

glomerulonephritis

inflammation of kidney involving primarily the glomeruli

20

glycosuria

presence of glucose in the urine

21

hematuria

presence of red blood cells in the urine

22

hydronephrosis

pathological condition where urine collects in the renal pelvis due to obstruction in outflow

23

hypercalciuria

excessive calcium in urine

24

interstitial cystitis

chronically irritable and painful inflammation of bladder wall

25

ketonuria

presence of ketones in urine

26

lithotripsy

crushing of kidney stones

27

meatotomy

incision of the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening

28

meatus

external opening of the urethra

29

micturition

process of urination

30

nephrectomy

surgical excision of kidney

31

nephritis

inflammation of the kidney

32

nephrocystitis

inflammation of kidney and bladder

33

nephrolith

kidney stone

34

nephroma

kidney tumour

35

nephron

basica structural and functional unit of kidney

36

nephrosclerosis

hardening of the kidney

37

nocturia

urination during the night

38

oliguria

scanty, decreased amount of urine

39

percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy

crushing of kidney stone using ultrasound

40

periurethral

pertaining to around the urethra

41

polyuria

excessive secretion and discharge of urine

42

pyelocystitis

inflammation of bladder and renal pelvis

43

pyelolithotomy

surgical incision into the renal pelvis for removal of stone

44

pyelonephritis

inflammation of kidney and renal pelvis

45

pyuria

pus in urine

46

renal colic

sharp, severe pain in lower back over kidney

47

renin

enzyme produced by kidney that stimulates vasoconstriction and secretion of aldosterone

48

stricture

abnormal narrowing of a duct or passage

49

trigonitis

inflammation of the trigone of the bladder

50

urea

chief nitrogenous constituent of urine

51

uremia

excessive urea, creatinine, and other nitrogenous end products in the blood

52

ureterocolostomy

surgical implantation of the ureter into the colon

53

ureteropathy

disease of the ureter

54

ureteroplasty

surgical repair of the ureter

55

urethralgia

pain in the urethra

56

urochrome

pigment that gives urine the normal yellow colour

57

blood urea nitrogen test

determines the amount of urea excreted by the kidneys

58

cystoscopy

visual examination of the bladder and urethra via lighted cystoscope

59

intravenous pyelography

test to visualize kidneys, ureters, bladder

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