Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (89):
1

alges/o

sensitivity to pain

2

angi/o

vessel (blood)

3

caus/o

burn, burning

4

cephal/o

head

5

cerebell/o

cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)

6

cerebr/o

cerebrum (largest part of the brain)

7

comat/o

deep sleep

8

crani/o

skull

9

cry/o

cold

10

dur/o

dura matter

11

encephal/o

brain

12

esthesi/o

nervous sensation (feeling)

13

gli/o

glial cells, neuroglial cells (supportive tissue of nervous systems)

14

hydr/o

water

15

kines/o, kinsei/o

movement

16

lept/o

thin, slender

17

lex/o

word, phrase

18

mening/o, meningi/o

meninges (membranes covering the spinal cord and brain)

19

my/o

muscle

20

myel/o

spinal cord, bone marrow

21

narc/o

sleep, numbness, stupor

22

neur/o

nerve

23

olig/o

scanty

24

pont/o

pons (a part of the brain)

25

radicul/o

nerve root

26

spin/o

spine (backbone)

27

syncop/o

to cut off, cut short, faint

28

tax/o

order, coordination

29

thalam/o

thalamus

30

thec/o

sheath

31

troph/o

nourishment, development

32

vag/o

vagus nerve

33

a-, an-

no, not without

34

dys-

bad, painful, difficult, abnormal

35

epi-

above, upon, on

36

hemi-

half

37

hyper-

above, excessive

38

hypo-

deficient, below, under, less than normal

39

intra-

within, into

40

micro-

small

41

para-

near, beside, abnormal, apart from, along the side of

42

polio-

gray matter (of brain or spinal cord)

43

poly-

many, much

44

quadri-

four

45

sub-

under, below

46

-algesia

sensitivity to pain

47

-algia

pain

48

-blast

embryonic, immature cell

49

-cele

hernia

50

-esthesia

nervous sensation

51

-gram

record

52

-graphy

process of recording

53

-ine

pertaining to

54

-itis

inflammation

55

-kinesia, -kinesis

movement

56

-kinetic

movement

57

-lepsy

seizure

58

-oma

tumor, mass, fluid collection

59

-ose

full of, pertaining to, sugar

60

-paresis

weakness

61

-pathy

disease, emotion

62

-phagia

condition of eating, swallowing

63

-phasia

speech

64

-plegia

paralysis, palsy

65

-praxia

action

66

-ptosis

falling, drooping, prolapse

67

-sclerosis

hardening

68

-sthenia

strength

69

-tomy

process of cutting

70

-trophy

nourishment, development (condition of)

71

MS

multiple sclerosis = destruction of myelin sheath in the CNS occurs with plaques of hard scar tissue

72

LP

lumbar puncture = intrathecal medications can be administered through this procedure

73

CVA

cerebrovascular accident = stroke; embolus, hemorrhage, or thrombosis are etiologic factors

74

TIA

transient ischemic attack = neurologic symptoms and/or signs due to temporary interference of blood supply to the brain

75

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid = this fluid is analyzed for abnormal blood cells, chemicals, and protein

76

radiculitis

inflammation of nerve root

77

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain

78

myelomeningocele

hernia of meninges and spinal cord

79

poliomyelitis

inflammation of spinal cord gray matter

80

radiculopathy

disease condition of nerve root

81

hypalgesia

sensitivity to pain less

82

paresthesia

nervous sensation abnormal

83

hyperkinesia

movement excessive

84

narcolepsy

seizure sleep

85

dyslexia

condition of word/phrase difficult

86

hemiparesis

weakness half

87

aphasia

speech no,not without

88

hemiplegia

paralysis half

89

apraxia

action no, not, without