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Flashcards in Final Review Deck (132):
1

-tomy

process of cutting

2

hematologist

specialist who studies blood

3

nephrologist

specialist who studies the kidney

4

plane that divides the body right and left

sagittal (lateral) plane

5

muscular wall separating the thoracic and abdominal cavities

diaphragm

6

C4 and C5

cervical/neck

7

muscle surrounding abdominal viscera

peritoneum

8

process of breaking down body tissue and releasing energy

catabolism

9

what is found in all chromosomes?

DNA

10

cavity superior to the thoracic cavity

cranial

11

suffix meaning full of

-ose

12

inguinal pertains to

groin

13

-malacia

softening

14

viscer/o

internal organs

15

kary/o

nucleus

16

lower GI abbreviation

BE; barium enema

17

cross sectional images

CT scan

18

sudden involuntary contractions within bronchial tube

bronchiospasm

19

vomiting/spitting blood from respiratory tract

hemoptysis

20

discoloration of skin

Jaundice

21

cholelithiasis

gall stones

22

herniorrhaphy

suture of a hernia

23

cholestasis

stopping bile duct

24

rhythmic movement of walls of GI tract

peristalsis

25

cirrhosis

degenerative disease of the liver

26

dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

27

choleodocotomy

incision of common bile duct

28

melena

black or tarry stools

29

anorexia

lack of appetite

30

leukoplakia

white plaques/patches

31

intussusception

telescoping of the intestine

32

stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth

33

pyuria

pus in the urine

34

guaiac test

chemical from wood of trees when added to stool sample reacts with any blood present in feces

35

cystocele

hernia of urinary bladder

36

anuria

urination no, not without

37

dysuria

urination painful, difficult

38

oliguria

urination scanty

39

glycosuria

urination glucose, sugar

40

polyuria

urination much

41

enuresis

involuntary discharge of urine or bed-wetting

42

nephrectomy

excision, removal, resection of kidney

43

IVP

intravenous pyelogram; contrast media in vein and x-ray taken of kidney

44

bacterial infection leads to this infection

UTI

45

nocturia

excessive urination at night

46

pyelogram

record of the renal pelvis

47

colporrhaphy

suture of the vagina

48

menarche

first menstruation

49

menometrorrhagia

bursting forth of uterus menstruation (heavy menstrual flow)

50

dyspareunia

sexual intercourse painful

51

nulliparous

never given birth

52

dystocia

painful/difficult birth

53

pseudocyesis

false pregnancy

54

surgical delivery through abdominal incision

C-section

55

oligospermia

scanty sperm

56

bilateral orchiectomy

male castration

57

which is not an STI

BPH

58

cryogenic

produced by or in cold

59

anorchism

congenital absence of a testicle

60

cryptorchidism

undescended testicles

61

prostatic hyperplasia

benign growth of cells in the prostate

62

phimosis

narrowing (stricture) of the opening of the prepuce over the glans penis

63

testicular torsion

twisting of the spermatic cord

64

hydrocele

fluid filled sac in scrotum

65

hypospadias

male urethral opening is on undersurface of the penis, instead of the tip

66

myoneural

pertaining to muscles and nerves

67

aphasia

inability to speak

68

causalgia

burning sensation of pain

69

hemiparesis

weakness half

70

paresthesia

sensation (nervous) abnormal

71

aura

odd feeling before neural event; symptom that appears before definitive

72

hyperesthesia

excessive or increased nervous sensation

73

hemiplegia

paralysis half

74

tonic-clonic seizure

major epileptic seizure

75

epilepsy

above/upon seuizure

76

bradykinesia

slow movement

77

ataxia

no coordination

78

transient ischemic attack

interruption of blood supply to the brain

79

subdural hematoma

collection of blood within meningial layers

80

disease of heart muscle

cardiomyopathy

81

phlebotomy

incision into a vein

82

petechiae

small pinpoint hemorrhages that are tiny purple or red flat spots

83

cyanosis

condition, usually abnormal blue

84

phlebitis

inflammation of the vein

85

halter monitor

EKG taken with daily activity

86

thrombolysis

breakdown of clot

87

angioplasty

surgical repair of vessel

88

angina

chest pain relieved with nitroglycerin

89

idiopathic

pertaining to disease unknown; cause of essential hypertension

90

CK, LD, AST(SGOT)

serum enzymes

91

emboli

clot is moving/traveling

92

tetralogy of Fallot

congenital malformation involving four heart defects

93

bradycardia

slow heartbeat

94

membrane that lines the inside chamber of the heart

endocardium

95

angiography

process of recording vessel (injection of dye of vessel with x-ray imaging)

96

-lysis

breakdown, destruction

97

rhonchi

loud rumbling sounds that can be heard through the chest or lungs

98

palliative measures

relieving symptoms but not curing them

99

mask on and continuous positive airway

CPAP

100

restrictive lung disease

myasthenia gravis and muscular dystrophy

101

obstructive lung disease

chronic bronchitis and asthma

102

purulent exudate

pus-filled accumulation of fluid

103

standard immunity test given to all students

DPT

104

-apheresis

removal, a carrying away

105

-oid

resembling

106

-lytic

breakdown, destroy

107

abbreviation of eurythrocytes in volume of blood

Hct/hematocrit

108

binds oxygen to RBC for transport

HGB/hemoglobin

109

measure # of eurythrocytes per LL of blood

RBC count

110

% of total WBC made up by different blood cells

WBC count

111

deficiency of all types of blood cells

pancytopenia

112

time required for venous blood to clot in test tube

clotting time

113

-penia

deficiency

114

-cytosis

condition of cells

115

-phylaxis

protection

116

combination of drugs to treat HIV

HAART

117

-agon

assemble, gather together

118

-genic

produced by or in

119

-tocin

labor, birth (a substance for)

120

patient experiences excessive thirst

polydipsia

121

abduction

moving away from the midline

122

adduction

towards the midline

123

supination

turning palm forward/up

124

dorsiflexion

flex foot up; backward bending of the foot up

125

rotation

circular movement around an axis

126

scapula

shoulder blade

127

sternum

breastbone

128

clavicle

collarbone

129

carpals

wrist

130

patella

kneecap

131

apheresis

separation of blood into component parts

132

C4 C5

keeps man alive