Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

HSC 201 > Chapter 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (93):
1

albumin/o

albumin (protein)

2

angi/o

vessel (blood)

3

azot/o

urea, nitrogen

4

bacteri/o

bacteria

5

cali/o

calyx

6

calic/o

calyx

7

cyst/o

urinary bladder

8

dips/o

thirst

9

glomerul/o

glomerulus

10

glycos/o

glucose, sugar

11

hydr/o

water

12

isch/o

hold back, back

13

kal/o

potassium

14

ket/o

ketones, acetones

15

keton/o

ketones, acetones

16

lith/o

stone, calculus

17

meat/o

meatus (opening)

18

natr/o

sodium

19

necr/o

death

20

nephr/o

kidney

21

noct/o

night

22

olig/o

scanty

23

py/o

pus

24

pyel/o

renal pelvis

25

ren/o

kidney

26

trigon/o

trigone (area within the bladder)

27

ur/o

urine, urinary tract

28

ureter/o

ureter

29

urethr/o

urethra

30

urin/o

urine

31

vesic/o

urinary bladder

32

-ectasis

dilation, dilatation, widening

33

-ectomy

excision, removal, resection

34

-emia

blood condition

35

-esis

action, condition, state of

36

-gram

record

37

-lithiasis

condition of stones

38

-lithotomy

incision (for removal) of a stone

39

-lysis

breakdown, separation, destruction, loosening

40

-megaly

enlargement

41

-ole

little, small

42

-osis

condition, usually abnormal

43

-pathy

disease, emotion

44

-plasty

surgical repair

45

-poietin

substance that forms

46

-ptosis

falling, drooping, prolapse

47

-rrhea

flow, discharge

48

-sclerosis

hardening

49

-stenosis

tightening, stricture

50

-stomy

new opening (to form a mouth)

51

-tomy

process of cutting

52

-tripsy

crushing

53

-uria

urination, condition of urine

54

a-, an-

no, not without

55

anti-

against

56

dia-

complete, through

57

dys-

bad, painful, difficult, abnormal

58

en-

in, within

59

hypo-

deficient, below, under, less than normal

60

peri-

surrounding

61

poly-

many, much

62

retro-

behind, back, backward

63

VCUG

voiding cystourethrogram

64

HD

hemodialysis

65

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

66

cysto

cytoscopic examination

67

IVP

intravenous pyelogram

68

renal cortex

outer region of the kidney

69

renal medulla

inner (middle) region of the kidney

70

renal pelvis

central urine-collecting basin in the kidney that narrows into the ureter

71

ureter

tubes carrying urine from kidney to urinary bladder

72

urethra

tube carrying urine from the bladder to the outside of the body

73

nephrolithiasis

abnormal condition of stones in the kidney

74

pyelonephritis

inflammation of the kidney and the renal pelvis

75

erythropoietin

substance that forms red blood cells

76

urethrotripsy

crushing stones in urethra

77

azotemia

blood condition of urea/nitrogen

78

cystomy

process of cutting into the urinary bladder

79

uremia

blood condition of the urine

80

hematuria

urine/urination of blood

81

nocturia

urination at night

82

anuria

urination none

83

polydipsia

condition of thirst many/much

84

perivesical

pertaining to the urinary bladder surrounding

85

oliguria

urination scanty

86

ureteroileostomy

new opening in the ileum and ureter

87

ureteroplasty

surgical repair of the ureter

88

urethraplasty

surgical repair of the urethra

89

nephrolithotomy

incision (for removal) of a stone in the kidney

90

caliectasis

widening of the calyx

91

pyelogram

record of the renal pelvis

92

dysuria

urination/urine condition difficulty

93

pyuria

urination condition of pus