Chapter 2 Study Sections Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Study Sections Deck (57):
1

anabolism

process of casting/throwing up

2

catabolism

process of casting/throwing down

3

chromosomes

bodies of color

4

karyotype

picture of nucleus

5

metabolism

process of casting/throwing change

6

adipose

structure or thing of fat

7

epithelial cells

pertaining to the nipple above

8

histologist

specialist who studies tissue

9

viscera

internal organs

10

abdominal cavity

pertaining to the abdomen

11

cranial cavity

pertaining to the skill

12

diaphragm

muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities

13

dorsal (posterior)

pertaining to the back

14

mediastinum

structure of the sternum in the middle

15

pelvic cavity

pertaining to the pelvis

16

peritoneum

membrane surrounding abdominal organs

17

pleura

membrane surrounding each lung

18

pleural cavity

space between pleural membranes

19

spinal cavity

pertaining to the spine

20

thoracic cavity

pertaining to the chest

21

ventral (anterior)

pertaining to the front

22

hypochondriac

right and left upper regions beneath ribs

23

epigastric

middle upper region above stomach

24

lumbar

right and left middle regions near waist

25

umbilical

central region near navel

26

inguinal

right and left lower regions near groin; aka iliac regions

27

hypogastric

middle lower regions below umbilical region

28

RUQ

right upper quadrant

29

LUQ

left upper quadrant

30

RLQ

right lower quadrant

31

LLQ

left lower quadrant

32

cervical

neck region (C1 to C7)

33

thoracic

chest region (T1 to T12)

34

lumbar

lower back (L1 to L5)

35

sacral

sacrum (S1-S5)

36

coccygeal

coccyx (tailbone)

37

vertebra

single backbone

38

vertebrae

backbones

39

spinal column

bone tissue surrounding spinal cavity

40

spinal cord

nervous tissue within spinal cavity

41

disc

pad of cartilage between vertebrae

42

anterior (ventral)

front surface of body

43

deep

away from the surface

44

distal

far from point of attachment

45

frontal (coronal) plane

vertical plane dividing into anterior and posterior portions

46

inferior (caudal)

below another structure; pertaining to tail or lower portion of body

47

lateral

pertaining to the side

48

medial

pertaining to the middle

49

posterior

back surface of body

50

prone

lying on belly (face down, palms down)

51

proximal

near point of attachment

52

sagittal (lateral)

lengthwise, vertical plane dividing body or structure into right and left sides

53

superficial

on the surface

54

superior (cephalic)

above another structure; pertaining to the head

55

supine

lying on back (face up, palms up)

56

transverse (cross-sectional or axial) plane

horizontal plane dividing body into upper and lower portions

57

transverse (cross-sectional or axial) plane

orizontal plane dividing body into upper and lower portions