Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (85):
1

aneurysm/o

aneurysm

2

angi/o

vessel (blood)

3

aort/o

aorta (largest artery)

4

arter/o, arteri/o

artery

5

ather/o

plaque (fatty substance)

6

atri/o

atrium (upper heart chamber)

7

axill/o

armpit

8

brachi/o

arm

9

cardi/o

heart

10

cholesterol/o

cholesterol

11

coron/o

heart

12

cyan/o

blue

13

isch/o

hold back, back

14

my/o

muscle

15

myx/o

mucus

16

ox/o

oxygen

17

pericardi/o

pericardium

18

phleb/o

vein

19

pulmon/o

lung

20

rrhythm/o

rhythm

21

sphygm/o

pulse

22

steth/o

chest

23

thromb/o

clot

24

valv/o

valve

25

valvul/o

valve

26

vas/o

vessel, duct

27

vascul/o

vessel (blood)

28

ven/o, ven/i

vein

29

ventricul/o

ventricle (of heart or brain)

30

-constriction

narrowing

31

-dilation

widening, stretching, expanding

32

-emia

blood condition

33

-graphy

process of recording

34

-lysis

breakdown, separation, destruction, loosening

35

-megaly

enlargement

36

-meter

measure

37

-oma

tumor, mass, collection of fluid

38

-osis

condition, usually abnormal

39

-plasty

surgical repair

40

-sclerosis

hardening

41

-stenosis

tightening, stricture

42

-tomy

process of cutting

43

a-, an-

no, not, without

44

brady-

slow

45

de-

lack of, down, less, removal of

46

dys-

bad, painful, difficult, abnormal

47

endo-

in, within

48

hyper-

above, excessive

49

hypo-

deficient, below, under, less than normal

50

inter-

between

51

peri-

surrounding

52

tachy-

fast

53

tetra-

four

54

tri-

three

55

angiogram

record of vessel

56

endarterectomy

excision, removal, resection of artery within

57

cardiomyopathy

disease condition of muscle heart

58

hypercholesterolemia

blood condition of cholesterol excessive

59

cyanosis

condition, usually abnormal blue

60

pericarditis

inflammation of pericardium

61

pericardiocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from pericardium

62

stethoscope

instrument to visually examine chest

63

thrombolysis

breakdown clot

64

valvuloplasty

surgical repair of valve

65

hypoxia

condition of oxygen deficient

66

lipid tests (profile)

measurement of levels of fatty substances (cholesterol and triglycerides) in the bloodstream

67

stress test

measurement of the heart's response to the physical exertion (patient monitored while jogging on a treadmill)

68

angiography

injection of contrast into vessels and x-ray imaging

69

electrocardiography

recording of the electricity in the heart

70

thallium 201 scan

intravenous injection of a radioactive substance measurement of its accumulation in heart muscle

71

echocardiography

use of echoes from high-frequency sound waves to produce images of the heart

72

lipoprotein electrophoresis

separation of HDL and LDL from a blood sample to move or travel electricity through lipid proteins (measures HDL and LDL)

73

cardiac MRI

beaming of magnetic waves at the heart to produce images of its structure

74

LVAD

left ventricular assist device: booster pump implanted in the abdomen with a cannula leading to the heart as a "bridge to transplant"

75

TEE

transesophageal echocardiography: ultrasound imaging of the heart using a transducer within the esophagus

76

ICD

implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: device implanted in the chest that senses and corrects arrhythmias by shocking the heart

77

RFA

radiofrequency catheter ablation:catheter delivery of a high-frequency current to damage a small portion of the heart muscle and reverse and abnormal heart rhythm

78

ETT

exercise tolerance test: procedure to determine the heart's response to physical exertion (stress)

79

ECHO

echocardiography: cardiac imaging using high-frequency sound waves pulsed through the chest wall and bounced off heart structures

80

ETT-MIBI

exercise tolerance test with sestamibi scan: radioactive test of heart function with stress test

81

cardioversion

defibrillation and shock heart to return to normal rhythm

82

serum enzyme test

enzymes after MI myocardial infarction - CK and tryptophan

83

TMLR

transmyocardial laser revascularization

84

CABG

coronary artery bypass grafting: anastomosis of vessel grafts to existing coronary arteries to maintain blood supply to the myocardium

85

PCI

percutaneous coronary intervention