Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (63):
1

bas/o

base, opposite of acid

2

chrom/o

color

3

coagul/o

coagulation (clotting)

4

cyt/o

cell

5

eosin/o

red, rosy, dawn-colored

6

erythr/o

red

7

granul/o

granule(s)

8

hem/o

blood

9

hemat/o

blood

10

hemoglobin/o

hemoglobin

11

is/o

same, equal

12

kary/o

nucleus

13

leuk/o

white

14

mon/o

one, single

15

morph/o

shape, form

16

myel/o

bone marrow, spinal cord

17

neutr/o

neither, neutral, neutrophil

18

nucle/o

nucleus

19

phag/o

eat, swallow

20

poikil/o

varied, irregular

21

sider/o

iron

22

spher/o

globe-shaped, round

23

thromb/o

clot

24

-apheresis

removal

25

-blast

embryonic, immature cell

26

-cytosis

condition of cells, slight increase in numbers

27

-emia

blood condition

28

-globin

protein

29

-globulin

protein

30

-lytic

reducing, destroying, separating, breakdown

31

-oid

resembling, derived from

32

-osis

condition, usually abnormal

33

-penia

deficiency

34

-phage

eat, swallow

35

-philia

attraction for

36

-phoresis

carrying, transmission

37

-plasia

development, formation, growth

38

-poiesis

formation

39

-stasis

stopping, controlling, placing

40

a-, an-

no, not, without

41

anti-

against

42

hypo-

below, deficient, under, less than normal

43

macro-

large

44

mega-

large

45

micro-

small

46

mono-

one

47

pan-

all

48

poly-

many, much

49

eosinophilia

attraction for red

50

pancytopenia

deficiency of cells all

51

apheresis

separation of blood into component parts and removal of select portion from blood

52

remission

send back

53

palliative

treating symptoms but not curing disease

54

relapse

disease symptoms reappear, necessitating further treatment

55

Hgb

hemoglobin: blood protein that helps transport oxygen to body tissues

56

PT/PTT

prothrombin time/partial thromboplastin time: test of the ability of blood to clot/clotting factors

57

Ht/Hct

hematocrit: percentage of red blood cells in a volume of blood

58

platelet count

determines number of clotting cells per mm^3 or uL of blood

59

coagulation time

time required for veinous blood to clot in a test tube

60

antiglobulin (Coombs) test

test for presence of antibodies that coat and damage erythrocytes

61

hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

peripheral stem cells from a compatible donor are infused into a recipient's vein to repopulate the bone marrow

62

bleeding time

time required for blood to stop flowing from a small puncture would

63

bone marrow biopsy

microscopic examination of a core of bone marrow removed with a needle