Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (82):
1

adenoid/o

adenoids

2

alveol/o

air sac

3

bronch/o

bronchial tube

4

bronchi/o

bronchial tube

5

bronchiol/o

bronchiole

6

capn/o

carbon dioxide

7

coni/o

dust

8

cyan/o

blue

9

epiglott/o

epiglottis

10

hydr/o

water

11

laryng/o

larynx (voice box)

12

lob/o

lobe

13

mediastin/o

mediastinum

14

nas/o

nose

15

or/o

mouth

16

orth/o

straight

17

ox/o

oxygen

18

pector/o

chest

19

pharyng/o

throat (pharynx)

20

phon/o

voice, sound

21

phren/o

diaphragm

22

pleur/o

pleura

23

pneum/o

lung, air, gas

24

pneumon/o

lung, air, gas

25

pulmon/o

lung

26

py/o

pus

27

rhin/o

nose

28

sinus/o

sinus

29

spir/o

to breathe

30

tel/o

complete

31

thorac/o

chest

32

tonsill/o

tonsil

33

trache/o

trachea (windpipe)

34

-algia

pain

35

-capnia

carbon dioxide

36

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

37

-dynia

pain

38

-ectasis

dilation, dilatation, widening

39

-ectomy

excision, removal, resection

40

-ema

condition

41

-lysis

breakdown, separation, destruction, loosening

42

-osmia

smell

43

-oxia

oxygen

44

-phonia

voice, sound

45

-plasty

surgical repair

46

-pnea

breathing

47

-ptysis

spitting

48

-rrhea

flow, discharge

49

-scopy

visual examination

50

-sphyxia

pulse

51

-stenosis

tightening, stricture

52

-stomy

new opening (to form a mouth)

53

-thorax

chest, pleural cavity

54

-tomy

process of cutting

55

-trophy

nourishment, development (condition of)

56

a-, an-

no, not, without

57

brady-

slow

58

dys-

bad, painful, difficult, abnormal

59

em-

in

60

eu-

good, normal

61

ex-

out, away from

62

hyper-

above, excessive

63

hypo-

deficient, below, under, less than normal

64

para-

near, beside, abnormal, apart from, along the side of

65

per-

through

66

re-

back, again, backward

67

tachy-

fast

68

DPT

diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus: toxoids for vaccination of infants, to provide immunity to these diseases that affect whooping cough

69

PPD

purified protein derivative: substance used in a TB test

70

PFT

pulmonary function tests: put in a sealed box, measured displacement of air

71

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: airway obstruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis

72

ARDS

acute respiratory distress syndrome: group of signs and symptoms including tachypnea, dyspnea, tachycardia, hypoexmia, cyanosis associated with acute respiratory failure

73

NSCLC

non-small cell lung cancer: invasive lung cancer

74

VATS

video-assisted thoracic surgery (thoracoscopy); minimally invasive

75

PND

paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea: sudden onset night difficulty breathing

76

DOE

dyspnea on exertion: difficult breathing when doing something strenuous

77

CPAP

continuous positive airway pressure: mask that covers mouth and device puts constant pressure to keep lungs open

78

purulent exudate

pus draining from a wound

79

obstructive lung disease

bronchitis and asthma

80

restrictive lung disease

myasthenia gravis and muscular dystrophy; problems with muscles making it work

81

rhonchi

loud rumbling sounds heard on auscultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum

82

palative treatment

treating symptoms but not curing the disease