Flashcards in Chapter 10- Classification Deck (15):
The science of classifying organisms
What does taxonomy do?
-provides universal names for organisms
-provides a reference for identifying organisms
The study of the evolutionary history of organisms
What are the three domains?
Bacteria, archaea, eukarya
Mitochondria, Cyanobacteria, proteobacteria, chloroplasts, gram positive bacteria, and thermotoga are in what domain?
Methanogens, extreme halophiles, hyperthermophiles are in what domain?
Fungi, amebae, animals, slime mold, plants, green algae, ciliates, dinoflagellates, diatoms, euglenozoa, giardia are in what domain?
Prokaryotes, single cell, peptidoglycan cell wall, divide by binary fission, energy from organics or inorganic chemicals or photosynthesis
Prokaryotes, single cell, lack peptidoglycan cell wall, divide by binary fission, live in extreme environments
Live high in methane
Live in high salt environments
Live in high temperature environments
Eukaryotes, single or multicellular, divide by mitosis, divided into kingdoms
Domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species