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Flashcards in Chapter 10- Classification Deck (15):
0

The science of classifying organisms

Taxonomy

1

What does taxonomy do?

-provides universal names for organisms
-provides a reference for identifying organisms

2

The study of the evolutionary history of organisms

Phylogeny

3

What are the three domains?

Bacteria, archaea, eukarya

4

Mitochondria, Cyanobacteria, proteobacteria, chloroplasts, gram positive bacteria, and thermotoga are in what domain?

Bacteria

5

Methanogens, extreme halophiles, hyperthermophiles are in what domain?

Archaea

6

Fungi, amebae, animals, slime mold, plants, green algae, ciliates, dinoflagellates, diatoms, euglenozoa, giardia are in what domain?

Eukarya

7

Prokaryotes, single cell, peptidoglycan cell wall, divide by binary fission, energy from organics or inorganic chemicals or photosynthesis

Domain bacteria

8

Prokaryotes, single cell, lack peptidoglycan cell wall, divide by binary fission, live in extreme environments

Domain archaea

9

Methanogens

Live high in methane

10

Halophiles

Live in high salt environments

11

Thermophiles

Live in high temperature environments

12

Eukaryotes, single or multicellular, divide by mitosis, divided into kingdoms

Domain eukarya

13

Taxonomic hierarchy

Domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species

14

Scientific names.....

-always italicized or underlined
----> genus capitalized/ species lowercase
-are Latinized and used worldwide
-descriptive or honor a scientist
-may include the strain