Chapter 10 - Eating Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Eating Disorders Deck (98)
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1

anorexia nervosa

development of morbid fears of fatness, perceive themselves as fat, and reduce their food intake to the point of the state of being abnormally thin or weak

2

bulimia nervosa

periods of food restriction alternate with periods of binge eating, where excessive amounts of food are consumed

3

binge-eating disorder

rapidly, eating until uncomfortably full, eating despite not being hungry, eating alone because of embarrassment etc. and then feeling guilty or disgust

4

what kind of fear do people with anorexia have

intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat

5

ARFID

characterized by a feeding disturbance that leads to being underweight and/or an inability to eat enough food to meet nutritional/energy needs

6

purging

self-induced vomiting, laxative abuse, or abuse of enemas or diuretics

7

objective binge

consists of eating a large amount of food in a specific time period

8

subjective binge

small or normal amounts of food during these episodes

9

what kind of binge eating do bulimic individuals engage in

objective binge eating

10

BMI

weight in kilos/height in metres squared

11

restricting type

attain extremely low body weights through strict dieting and sometimes excessive exercise

12

binge-eating/purging type

engage in strict dieting, sometimes excessive exercise but also regular binge eating/purging behaviors

13

what two things is bulimia nervosa characterized by

1) eating in a 2 hour period and an amount of food that is deemed more than normal
2) sense of lack of control over eating during episode

14

eating disorder examination

structured clinical interview for diagnosing eating disorders that has good reliability and validity

15

lanugo

fine downy hair - may grow on on the body in order to maintain body warmth

16

amenorrhea

absence of at least three consecutive periods

17

what disorder does amenorrhea occur the most in

anorexia nervosa

18

Russell's sign

scrapes or calluses on the backs of hands or knuckles

19

what disorder does Russell's sign occur most in

bulimia nervosa

20

what is considered a casual risk factor for the development of an eating disorder

thin media images

21

do individuals with anorexia or bulimia have more negative schemas?

yes

22

precipitating factors

events or situations that trigger the eating disorder

23

perpetuating factors

physical and psychological symptoms that serve to maintain the disorder such as reduced basal metabolic rate, depression, social isolation etc.

24

best biological treatment for bulimia nervosa

CBT and antidepressant medication

25

first priority for a patient with anorexia nervosa

restore body weight to a healthy minimal level

26

what can self-help manuals be used for

1) for individuals who might not otherwise have access to expert help or may be too embarrassed to access help
2) conjunction with guidance by a non-specialist professional such as a nurse or family doctor
3) as a first step to treatment slivery and for treatment that may be more intense

27

history of eating disorders

prior to 60s - few eating disorders
60s-70s - increase in cases of anorexia
late 70s - bulimia nervosa
2013 - bing eating disorder

28

symptoms of anorexia nervosa

low body weight, fear of gaining weight, body image disturbance

29

symptoms of bulimia nervosa

objective binge eating episodes, inappropriate compensatory behaviour, undue influence of body shape/weight on self evaluation, not exclusively during AN

30

how long must symptoms show for BN

at least a week for three months