Chapter 16 - Aging and Mental Health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 - Aging and Mental Health Deck (61)
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1

baby boomers

people who were born within 20 years following the end of WWII in 1945

2

what are some causes of reduction in mortality among younger and oder adults

advances in public health, workplace safety, newly developed and more effective medications and surgical procedures

3

proportions of older adults increasing means what

more older adults with mental disorders

4

what personality characteristics are associated with positive health and increase over a person's lifespan

careful, vigilant, agreeableness and emotional stability

5

paradox of aging

positive mental health among older adults who would normal be considered vulnerable

6

period effect

influence of particular historical periods or events on people ex. 9/11

7

cohort effect

people born at roughly the same time is a cohort, so cohort effect is differences in age cohort. results in unique social and historical events they have experienced

8

gerentologists

professionals from a wide variety of disciplines with expertise in aging

9

normal aging

normal process of body systems slowing down that cause some systems to stop functioning - person dies of old age instead of disease

10

what factors can complicate diagnosis

1) symptoms of mental disorders can be due to age rather than psychological factors
2) more likely to have comorbid chronic physical illnesses
3) older adults are especially likely to be taking multiple medications for such illnesses

11

polypharmacy

use of multiple medications

12

selective optimization with compensation

in context of normal aging and absence of pathology, old age brings losses of abilities and skills

13

what are three things successful aging holds according to SOC

1) selecting goals and goal priorities
2) optimizing resources that facilitate these goals
3) using alternative means to achieving one's goals despite limited capacities

14

socio-emotional selectivity theory

when we perceive time as unlimited our goals will be future-oriented and we will focus our energy on expanding our knowledge and horizons

15

strength and vulnerability integration theory

aging is associated with an increased ability to regulate emotions

16

are older women or men more likely to commit suicide

men - 5x more likely

17

are older or younger individuals more successful in committing suicide?

older adults

18

older clinically depressed individuals are more likely to report what

weight loss, other somatic symptoms

19

older clinically depressed individuals are less likely to report what

sadness, worthlessness, guilt

20

neurocognitive disorders

most common mental disorder in older adults in which sufferers lose their memory, judgement, reason, personal dignity and sense of self

21

five major diagnostic issues faced by physicians

1) time constraint
2) complexity of late-life depression
3) lack of specific diagnostic criteria for older adults
4) physical comorbidity masking depressive symptoms
5) lack of knowledge about available and effective treatment options for older adults

22

drug interaction

interactive effects of multiple medications

23

insomnia disorder

difficulty falling asleep, frequent awakenings, shortened sleep, and non-restorative sleep

24

restless legs syndrome

urge to move one's legs, unpleasant sensations, sensations worsen during periods of inactivity, movement relieving urge and unpleasantness, sensations worsen during night

25

sleep apnea

episodes of loss of breathing for up to 10 minutes

26

how many episodes of sleep apnea must occur in an hour for diagnosis

5 times

27

what does sleep apnea result in

hypoxemia and wakenings from sleep

28

late onset schizophrenia

first appears after age of 45, less likely to have disorganized speech, lack of logical thought, and flattened affect

29

more common in late onset schizophrenia

hallucinations and delusions will be more bizarre

30

delirium

acute onset of disturbances in attention, orientation memory, thinking, perception and behaviour