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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (13):
1

reliability

receive same results every time

2

inter-rater reliability

extent to which two clinicians agree on diagnosis of particular patient

3

validity

whether a diagnostic category is able to predict behavioural and psychiatric disorders accurately

4

concurrent validity

ability of a diagnostic category to estimate an individual's present standing factors related to the disorder but not themselves part of the diagnostic criteria

5

predictive validity

ability of a test to predict the future course of an individual's development

6

DSM-I

- disorders seen in inpatient settings - very short
- unreliable

7

DSM-II

broadened to include disorders seen in outpatient settings

8

DSM-III

- improved descriptions of disorders
- multiaxial

9

DSM-III-R

- same structure as DSM-III
- changed some diagnostic criteria, added some new disorders

10

DSM-IV

criticisms - revisions occurring too quickly
- more diagnoses

11

DSM-V

- no longer multi axial
- developed after extensive research
- dimensional approach, new cultural measures

12

arguments against classification

- mental illnesses are social constructions
- diagnoses can be stigmatizing
- loss of information
- diagnoses can be used to rationalize or excuse undesirable behaviour

13

criticisms agains DSM

- gender bias
- cultural bias
- politics