Chapter 17 - Therapies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 - Therapies Deck (47):
1

what is ECT used for

severe depression that has not responded to other treatments, especially with older adults and medically ill patients

2

psychoactive agents

pharmacological agents that affect the individual's psychological functioning

3

extrapyramidal effects

symptoms similar to Parkinson's disease - stooped posture, muscular rigidity, shuffling gait, drooling

4

anxiolytics

used to alleviate symptoms of anxiety and muscle tension by reducing activity in parts of the CNS - lowers activity in SNS and lowers other body functions

5

four categories of antidepressants

MAOI, TCA, SSRI, SNRI

6

preferred antidepressants

SSRI and SNRI

7

mood stabilizer preference

lithium

8

what are stimulants used for

used for treatment in children and adult with ADHD

9

side effects of stimulants

loss of appetite, sleep disturbance

10

psychotherapy

process in which a professionally trained therapist uses techniques from psychological principles to relieve another person's psychological distress or to promote growth

11

classic psychoanalysts rely on which five basic techniques

1) free association
2) dream interpretation
3) interpretation
4) analysis of resistance
5) analysis of transference

12

free association

individual says everything that comes to mind without censoring - therapist helps patient recognize motives and conflicts

13

dream interpretation

distinguish between obvious content of dream and more important content (usually unconscious)

14

interpretation

analyst interprets what client is saying - interprets unconscious conflicts that may induce defense mechanism

15

analysis of resistance

client is unwilling to reveal some thoughts, situations - therapist must determine source of resistance if client is wants to deal with problem effectively

16

analysis of transference

by recognizing transference relationship and remaining neutral therapist can help work through conflict

17

transference

occurs when client responds to therapist as he responded to significant figures from childhood

18

ego analysts

believe individuals can control their own behaviour - use Freudian techniques to explore ego rather than id

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what do ego analysts try to convey to individual

how individual has relied on defence mechanism to cope with conflicts

20

what do Alderian therapists believe in

interpret dreams in terms of current behaviour, offer direct advice, and encourage new behaviors

21

interpersonal psychodynamic psychotherapy

mental disorders resulted from maladaptive early interactions between child and parent

22

is interpersonal psychodynamic psychotherapy a form of brief psychodynamic therapy

yes

23

time-limited dynamic psychotherapy

involve client face-to-face contact but emphasize analysis of transference

24

what does time-limited dynamic psychotherapy help identify

patterns of interaction with others that strengthen unhelpful thoughts about self and others

25

therapeutic alliance

quality of the relationship between therapist and client is recognized to be a a predictor of therapy outcome

26

humanistic-experimental approach emphasis

person's current experience rather than on the past

27

client-centered therapy

emphasize warmth and permissiveness of there therapist and tolerance in which client can be expressed

28

what does client-centered therapy examine

lack of meaning in person's life - work best with those who are having conflicts regarding their existence or those with anxiety/ personality disorders

29

gestalt therapy

clients become aware of feelings and needs that have been ignored, distorted and recognize that these needs are a part of themselves and should be accepted

30

emotion-focused therapy

client enters into an empathic relationship with a therapist who is directive and responsive to their experience

31

response shaping

used to shape behaviour in gradual steps toward a goal

32

behavioral activation

treatment of depress to help patients develop strategies to increase their overall activity and to counteract their tendencies to avoid activities

33

exposure therapy

pairing anxiety-provoing stimuli with responses incompatible with anxiety would eliminate the anxiety response

34

systematic desensitization

fear-inducing stimuli are arranged in a hierarchy

35

assertiveness training

designed to help clients who have difficulty in conflict situations

36

problem solving approach

applied in problems such as weight control, clinical depression, lack of social skills

37

cognitive restructuring

people become more aware of their thoughts when they are experiencing strong emotions

38

individual therapy

strictly client and therapist

39

couples therapy

conjoint sessions but may also meet separately to discuss issues

40

family therapy

common goal of family - identity interactions between family

41

reframing

carry out tasks to change ways of interacting with each other

42

main providers of psychotherapy

clinical psychologists

43

treatment efficacy

defined as evidence of treatment effects when delivered in the context of a controlled study

44

treatment effectiveness

evidence of effects when treatment is evaluated in real world context

45

meta-analysis

simply a method of quantitatively reviewing previous research

46

effect size

difference between means of experimental and control group

47

two aims of ESR

identify elements of effective therapy relationships and to determine efficacious methods