Chapter 10- Nervous System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10- Nervous System Deck (109):
1

cerebell/o

cerebellum

2

crani/o

skull

3

cerebr/o

cerebrum

4

encephal/o

entire brain

5

esthesi/o

sensation

6

gangli/o

ganglion

7

gli/o

glue

8

gnos/o

knowing

9

hypn/o

sleep

10

somn/i, somn/o

sleep

11

kinesi/o

movement

12

lex/o

word or phrase

13

mening/o, meningi/o

meninges (membrane)

14

narc/o

stupor, sleep

15

neur/o

nerve

16

phas/o

speech

17

phor/o

carry or bear

18

phren/o

mind

19

thym/o, pysch/o

mind

20

schiz/o

split

21

somat/o

body

22

spin/o

spine

23

stere/o

3D or solid

24

tax/o

order or coordination

25

thalam/o

thalamus or a room

26

top/o

place

27

cata-

down

28

asthenia

weakness

29

lepsy

seizure

30

mania

abnormal pulse toward something

31

paresis

slight paralysis

32

plegia

paralysis

33

aphasia

without speech

34

dysarthria

difficult articulation (weak speach muscles)

35

dysphasia

difficulty speaking

36

coma

decreased conciousness, low response

37

delirium

mental confusion (from messed up cerebral function)

38

dementia

memory loss, disorientation, confusion

39

motor deficit/ sensory deficit

loss or impairment of muscle and sensory function

40

neuralgia

pain along nerve

41

flaccid paralysis

flabby or lost muscle control from nerve lesion

42

spastic paralysis

CNS problem, stiff and awkward muscle control

43

hemiparesis

partial paralysis of right or left half of body

44

sciatica

pain along sciatic nerve, from compression against it

45

seizure

abnormal firing of nerve impulses

46

convulsion

a seizure when there is a series of sudden, involuntary contractions of muscles

47

syncope

fainting

48

tactile stimulation

evoking a response by touching

49

hyperesthesia

increased sensitivity

50

paresthesia

abnormal sensation of numbness and tingling

51

agnosia

loss of neurological function (sensory)

52

astereognosis

cant judge form of object by touch (agnosia)

53

atopognosis

cant locate a sensation properly (agnosia)

54

alzheimer

disease of structural changes in brain, deterioration, loss of functions

55

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

deterioration of motor nerve cells, loss of voluntary muscle control (lou Gehrig)

56

cerebral palsy

motor dysfunction, damage to cerebrum at birth

57

cerebrovascular disease

disorder of one or more changes to blood vessels of brain

58

cerebrovascular accident

(stroke) damage to brain, caused by cerebrovascular disease

59

transient ischemic attack

brief episode of loss of blood flow to brain, temporary neurological defecit

60

carotid TIA

ischemia of anterior circulation of brain

61

vertebrobasilar TIA

ischemia of posterior circulation of brain

62

encephalitis

inflammation of brain

63

epilepsy

disorder affecting CNS (recurrent seizures)

64

tonic-clonic (epilepsy)

seizure, stiffening, jerking, all muscle groups are contracted

65

absence (epilepsy)

seizure, brief loss of consciousness, no motor involvement

66

partial (epilepsy)

seizure, involving limited areas of brain

67

glioma

tumor of glial cells

68

herpes zoster

viral disease, affects peripheral nerves, painful blisters on body, shingles

69

Huntington Disease

hereditary diease of CNS

70

Huntington chorea

bizzare involuntary body movements, dementia

71

hydrocephalus

abnormal accumulation of CSF of brain

72

meningioma

benign tumor of coverings of brain

73

meningitis

inflammation of meninges

74

migraine headache

caused by dilation of arteries

75

multiple sclerosis

CNS disease, demyelination nerve fibers, episodes of neurological function

76

myasthenia gravis

autoimmune disorder that affects NMJ, decrease in muscle strength

77

myelitis

inflammation of spinal cord

78

narcolepsy

sleep disorder, need to sleep suddenly, attacks of paralysis, dreams intruding while awake

79

Parkinson disease

progressive degeneration of an area of brainstem, decrease of dopamine

80

hemiplegia, paraplegia, quadriplegia

paralysis on one side of body, paralysis from waist down, paralysis of all 4 limbs

81

poliomyelitis

inflammation of gray matter of spinal cord caused by virus

82

polyneuritis

inflammation of 2 or more nerves

83

reflex sympathetic dystrophy

abnormal function of sympathetic nervous system in response to pain perception

84

sleep apnea

stopping breathing during sleep

85

spina bifida

congenital defect in spinal column, absence of vertebral arches, pouching of spinal membrane

86

flat affect

dulled emotional tone

87

apathy

lack of interest

88

catatonia

unresponsiveness to one's outside environment, muscle rigidity, no communication

89

grandiose delusion

to think that he or she has great wealth, intelligence, power

90

persecutory delusion

to think that someone is plotting against him or her with intent to harm

91

dysphoria

restless, dissatisfied mood

92

euphoria

exaggerated well-being

93

hallucination

false perception

94

ideation

formation of thoughts or ideas (suicidal)

95

mania

increased activity

96

neurosis

psychological condition with anxiety

97

psychosis

distortion of reality, cant communicate or function

98

thought disorder

thought that lacks clear processing

99

ADHD

ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER

100

ALS

AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS

101

TIA

TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK

102

CVA

CERBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT

103

DTR

DEEP TENDON REFLEXES

104

EEG

ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM

105

ECT

ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY

106

MRI

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

107

PTSD

POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER

108

spondyl/o, vertebr/o

vertebra

109

ton/o

tone or tension