Chapter 9- Respiratory System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9- Respiratory System Deck (102):
1

alveol/o

alveolus

2

bronch/o, bronchi/o

bronchus

3

bronchiol/o

bronchiole

4

or/o

mouth

5

capn/o

carbon dioxide

6

nas/o, rhin/o

nose

7

carb/o

carbon dioxide

8

lob/o

lobe

9

ox/o

oxygen

10

palat/o

palate

11

laryng/o

larynx

12

pharyng/o

pharynx (throat)

13

phren/o

diaphragm

14

pleur/o

pleura

15

pneum/o, pneumon/o

lung or air

16

pulmon/o

lung

17

sinus/o

sinus cavity

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spir/o, -pnea

breathing

19

tonsill/o

tonsil

20

trache/o

trachea

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uvul/o

uvula

22

eupnea

normal breathing

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bradypnea

slow breathing

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tachypnea

fast breathing

25

hypopnea

shallow breathing

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hyperpnea

deep breathing

27

dyspnea

difficulty breathing

28

apnea

inability to breathe

29

orthopnea

ability to breathe but only in upright position

30

cheyne-stokes respiration

gradual increase of depth and rate of breathing followed by decrease, then apnea

31

crackles & rales

popping sounds on lungs when air enters diseased airways and alveoli

32

wheezes & rhonchi

high-pitched sounds on lungs when air enters through a narrow airway

33

stridor

high-pitched crowing sound, obstruction of airway

34

caseous necrosis

degeneration and death of tissue, looks like cheese

35

dysphonia

hoarseness

36

epistaxis

nosebleed

37

expectoration

coughing up and spitting out of material from lungs

38

sputum

material expelled from lungs by coughing (flem)

39

hemoptysis

coughing up blood from lungs

40

hypercapnia, hypercarbia

excessive level of co2 in blood

41

hyperventilation/ hypoventiliation

excessive movement of air (hypocapnia) / deficient movement of air (hypercapnia)

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hypoxemia

low oxygen in blood

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hypoxia

low oxygen in tissue cells

44

obstructive lung disorder

blocking flow of air out of lung

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restrictive lung disorder

limiting intake of air to lung

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pulmonary edema

fluid filling spaces around alveoli, will flood into them

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pulmonary infiltrate

xray shows solid material in air spaces of lungs, inflammatory changes indicated

48

rhinorrhea

thin, watery discharge from nose

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asthma

obstructive pulmonary disease, attacks of wheezing, dyspnea, coughing

50

atelectasis

collapse of lung tissue

51

bronchiectasis

abnormal dilation of bronchi with mucus

52

bronchitis

inflammation of bronchi

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bronchogenic carcinoma

lung cancer

54

bronchospasm

constriction of bronchi

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emphysema

obstructive pulmonary disease, overexpansion of alveoli, loss of lung elasticity and gas exchange

56

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

combo of emphysema and bronchitis, permanent

57

cystic fibrosis

inherited, exocrine gland doesn't work, excess of thick and viscous mucus that obstructs passageways of body, commonly affects lungs and digestive tract

58

laryngitis

inflammation of larynx

59

laryngotracheobronchitis, croup

inflammation of upper airways, swelling, seal bark cough

60

laryngospasm

spasm of laryngeal muscles

61

nasal polyposis

numerous polyps in nose (tumors on stalks)

62

pharyngitis

inflammation of pharynx

63

pleural effusion

accumulation of fluid within pleural cavity

64

empyema, pyothorax

accumulation of pus within pleural cavity

65

hemothorax

accumulation of blood in pleural cavity

66

pleuritis, pleurisy

inflammation of pleura

67

pneumoconiosis

chronic restrictive pulmonary disease, from long inhalation of dusts like asbestos

68

pneumonia

inflammation of lung caused by bacteria, virus, fungi

69

pneumocystis pneumonia

caused by Pneumocystis carinii

70

pneumothorax

puncture of lung or chest wall, air enters pleural cavity

71

pneumohemothorax

air and blood in pleural cavity

72

pneumonitis

inflammation of lung, from sensitivity to chemicals or dust

73

pulmonary embolism

occlusion in pulmonary circulation, caused by blood clot

74

pulmonary tuberculosis

Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria in lungs, tubercles inflamation, caseous necrosis

75

sinusitis

inflammation of sinuses

76

sleep apnea

stop breathing during sleep

77

tonsilitis

acute or chronic inflammation of tonsils

78

adenoidectomy

excision of adenoids

79

lobectomy

removal of lobe of lung

80

nasal polypectomy

removal of nasal polyp

81

pneumonectomy

removal of entire lung

82

thoracentesis

puncture for aspiration of chest

83

thoracoplasty

repair of the chest involving fixation of ribs

84

thoracoscopy

thorascope to examine pleural cavity

85

thoracostomy

creation of opening in chest

86

thoracotomy

incision into chest

87

tonsillectomy

excision of palatine tonsils

88

tracheostomy

creation of an opening in trachea

89

tracheotomy

incision into trachea

90

PE

PULMONARY EMBOLISM

91

TB

TUBERCULOSIS

92

URI

UPPER RESPIRATORY INFECTION

93

ABG

ARTERIAL BLOOD GASES

94

Ph

POTENTIAL OF HYDROGEN

95

PaCO2, PaO2

PARTIAL PRESSURE OF BOTH

96

PSG

POLYSOMNOGRAPHY

97

PFT

PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTING

98

CXR

CHEST X-RAY

99

T&A

TONSILLECTOMY AND ADENOIDECTOMY

100

CPAP

CONTINUOUS POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE

101

COPD

CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE

102

CPR

CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION