Chapter 12- Eye Flashcards Preview

Med Terms > Chapter 12- Eye > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12- Eye Deck (56):
1

aque/o

water

2

blephar/o

eyelid

3

conjuctiv/o

conjuctiva

4

corne/o

cornea

5

kerat/o

cornea

6

cycl/o

ciliary body

7

ir/o, irid/o

iris

8

lacrim/o

tear

9

dacry/o

tear

10

ocul/o, opt/o, ophthalm/o

eye

11

phac/o, phak/o

lens

12

phot/o

light

13

presby/o

old age

14

retin/o

retina

15

scler/o

sclera (hard)

16

vitre/o

glassy

17

asthenopia

eyestrain

18

blepharospasm

involuntary contraction of eye muscles

19

diplopia

double vision

20

lacrimation

secretion of tears

21

nystagmus

involuntary , fast movement of eyeballs

22

photophobia

extreme sensitivity to light

23

scotoma

blind spot in vision

24

refractive errors

defects in bending of light as it enters eye

25

astigmatism

bad vision by cylindrical curvature of lens or cornea, prevents light from coming to a single focus

26

hyperopia

farsightedness, cant see close objects

27

myopia

nearsightedness, cant see far objects

28

presbyopia

impaired vision from old-age

29

accomodation

ability of eye to adjust focus on close objects

30

ambylopia

decreased vision in early life due to a functional defect

31

aphakia

absence of lens

32

blepharitis

inflammation of eyelid

33

blepharochalasis

baggy eyelid

34

blepharoptosis/ ptosis

drooping of eyelid caused by paralysis

35

chalazion

chronic nodular inflammation of meibomian gland

36

cataract

opaque clouding in lens, decreased vision

37

conjuctivitis

pink eye, inflammation of conjunctiva

38

dacryoadenitis/ dacryocystitis

inflammation of lacrimal gland/ tear sac

39

diabetic retinopathy

disease in retina caused by diabetes

40

ectropion

outward turning of rim of eyelid

41

entropion

inward turning of rim of eyelid

42

epiphoria

abnormal overflow of tears caused by blockage of lacrimal duct

43

glaucoma

group of diseases in eye, increase intraocular pressure, damage to optic nerve

44

hordeolum

sty, acute infection of sebaceous gland

45

iritis

inflammation of iris

46

keritis

inflammation of cornea

47

macular degeneration

breakdown or thinning of tissues in macula

48

pseudophakia

when natural lens is replaced with artificial lens

49

pterygium

fibrous growth of conjunctival tissue

50

retinal detachment

separation of retina from underlying epithelium

51

retinitis

inflammation of retina

52

strabismus/ heterotrophia

crossed eyes

53

esotrophia

right or left eye deviates inward toward nose

54

exotrophia

right or left eye deviates away from nose

55

scleritis

inflammation of sclera

56

trichiasis

misdirected eyelashes that rub on conjunctiva or cornea