Chapter 5- Integumentary System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5- Integumentary System Deck (74):
1

adip/o

fat

2

lip/o

fat

3

steat/o

fat

4

derm/o, dermat/o, cutane/o

skin

5

erythr/o

red

6

hidr/o

sweat

7

hist/o, histi/o

tissue

8

ichthy/o

fish

9

kerat/o

hard

10

scler/o

hard

11

leuk/o

white

12

melan/o

black

13

myc/o

fungus

14

onych/o

nail

15

plas/o

formation

16

purpur/o

purple

17

seb/o

sebum

18

squam/o

scale

19

trich/o

hair

20

xanth/o

yellow

21

xer/o

dry

22

Lesion

a spot of tissue that is pathologically altered (has disease), 2 types: primary and secondary

23

macule

flat, discolored, up to 1 cm (primary) -freckle

24

patch

flat, discolored area, larger than 1 cm (primary)

25

papule

solid mass, .5cm (primary) -mole

26

plaque

solid mass, larger than 1 cm, surface of the skin (primary)

27

nodule

solid mass, larger than 1 cm, deep into skin (primary)

28

tumor

solid mass, larger than 1-2 cm (primary)

29

wheal

area of skin that has swelling, edema (primary)

30

vesicle

elevated sac filled with liquid, can be under the epidermis or in it. Up to .5cm (primary)

31

bulla

blister larger than .5cm (primary)

32

pustule

pus-filled sac (primary)

33

erosion

loss of superficial epidermis, no bleeding but uncovers an area of moisture (secondary)

34

ulcer

open sore on skin or mucous membrane. can bleed or scar, can get infection (secondary)

35

excoriation

a scratch mark (secondary)

36

fissure

a linear crack in the skin (secondary)

37

scale

thin flake of epidermis -dandruff (secondary)

38

crust

dried left over body liquid, pus, or blood (secondary)

39

cicatrix

scar (secondary)

40

keloid

abnormal overgrowth of scar tissue, thick and irregular (secondary)

41

cherry angioma

small, round, bright red blood vessel tumor on skin, usually on elderly's trunk (secondary)

42

telangiectasia

tiny, red blood vessel lesion, seen on face, neck, chest (secondary)

43

spider angioma

on face, neck, chest (secondary)

44

purpuric lesion

lesions of small hemorrhages (secondary)

45

petechiae

reddish-brown spot, hemorrhages that indicate a bleeding tendency (secondary)

46

ecchymosis

black or blue bruise (secondary)

47

nevus

congenital mole, epidermal tumor (secondary)

48

dysplastic nevus

mole with precancerous changes (secondary)

49

verruca

epidermal tumor caused by papilloma virus -wart (secondary)

50

alopecia

baldness

51

comedo, comedones

plug of oil within the opening of a hair follicle

52

closed comedo

whitehead, below skin surface with white center

53

open comedo

blackhead, open to skin surface with black center, caused by melanin exposed to air

54

eruption

skin lesion

55

erythema

redness of skin

56

pruritus

severe itching

57

rash

skin eruption

58

depigmentation

loss of melanin in skin

59

hypopigmentation

areas of skin lacking color, deficient amounts of melanin

60

hyperpigmentation

darkened areas of skin, excessive amounts of melanin

61

suppuration

production of pus

62

urticaria

hives; eruption of wheals and itch

63

xeroderma

dry skin

64

chemotherapy

chemical agents that destroy cells or stopping them reproduce

65

radiation therapy

using ionizing radiation to destroy cells

66

sclerotherapy

using agents to harden the tissue within to get rid of the lesion

67

ultraviolet therapy

using ultraviolet light to promote healing of a skin lesion

68

anesthetic

drug that stops conduction of nerve, lose sensation

69

antibiotic

drug that kills or stops growth of microorganism

70

antifungal

drug that kills or stops growth of fungi

71

antihistamine

drug that blocks the effects of histamine, which causes swelling and inflammation during an allergic reaction

72

anti-inflammatory

drug that reduces inflammation

73

antipruritic

drug that relieves itching

74

antiseptic

agent that inhibits the growth of infectious microorganisms