Chapter 7- Cardiovascular System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7- Cardiovascular System Deck (82):
1

angi/o

vessel

2

vas/o

vessel

3

vascul/o

vessel

4

aort/o

aorta

5

arteri/o

artery

6

ather/o

fatty paste (lipid)

7

atri/o

atrium

8

cardi/o

heart

9

coron/o

circle or crown

10

my/o

muscle

11

pector/o

chest

12

steth/o

chest

13

sphygm/o

pulse

14

thromb/o

clot

15

ven/o

vein

16

phleb/o

vein

17

varic/o

swollen, twisted veins

18

ventricul/o

ventricle

19

arteriosclerosis

hardening of artery walls, loss of elasticity, calcification

20

atherosclerosis

fatty build up of arterial walls

21

atheromatous plaque

swollen area of lining of artery caused by fat build up

22

thrombus

stationary blood clot

23

embolus

clot carried in bloodstream, obstructs

24

stenosis

narrowing

25

constriction

compression

26

occlusion

blockage

27

ischemia

to hold back blood, occlusion of blood vessel

28

perfusion defecit

lack of blood flow through vessel caused by narrowing

29

infarct

to stuff, area of necrosis, caused by ischemia

30

angina pectoris

chest pain, caused by temporary loss of oxy-blood to heart muscle

31

aneurysm

widening, bulging of wall of heart or other stucture

32

saccular aneurysm

sac like bulge on one side

33

fusiform aneurysm

spindle-shaped bulge

34

dissecting aneurysm

split or tear in vessel wall

35

claudication

to limp, pain in a limb, caused by insufficient blood supply

36

diaphoresis

profuse sweating

37

heart murmur

abnormal sound from hearts made by defects in chambers or valves

38

palpitation

pounding, skipping, racing heartbeats

39

vegetation

abnormal growth of tissue around a valve, result of infection

40

arrhythmia

irregular or loss of rhythm of heart beat

41

bradycardia

slow heart beat

42

fibrilation

chaotic, irregular contractions of heart (atrial or ventricular)

43

flutter

extremely rapid but regular contractions of heart

44

heart block

intereference with normal electrical conduction of the heart

45

premature ventricular contraction

early ventricular contraction before SA node

46

arteriosclerotic heart disease

degenerative condition, thickening of arteries, loss of elastic, in smokers and elders

47

bacterial endocarditis

bacterial inflammation, affects endocardium or heart valves

48

cardiac tamponade

compression of heart from extra fluid in pericardial sac, causes rupture of blood vessel

49

cardiomyopathy

disease of heart muscle

50

congenital anomaly of heart

malformations of heart at birth

51

atrial septal defect

an opening in septum, present at birth

52

coarction of aorta

narrowing of descending portions of aorta, limits blood flow to lower body

53

patent ductus arteriosus

abnormal opening between pulmonary artery and aorta, caused by failure of fetal ductus arteriosus after birth

54

tetralogy of fallot

4 defects: pulmonary stenosis, ventricular septal defect, malposition of aorta, right ventricular hypertrophy. Deoxy blood goes into systemic circulation causing cyanosis

55

ventricular septal defect

opening of septum separating ventricles

56

congestive heart failure

left ventricle failure, causes edema in lower parts of body

57

cor pulmonale

enlargement of right ventricle, from chronic disease within lungs, causes congestion within pulmonary circulation

58

coronary artery disease

reduction of blood flow and oxygen and nutrients to myocardium

59

hypertension

high blood pressure (primary-secondary)

60

mitral valve prolapse

protrusion of one or both cusps of mitral valve into left atrium during ventricular contraction, causes back flow of blood

61

myocardial infarction

heart attack, death of myocardial tissue, loss of blood flow from occulsion in coronary artery

62

myocarditis

inflammation of myocardium, viral or bacterial infection are causes

63

pericarditis

inflammation of pericardium

64

phlebitis

inflammation of vein

65

rheumatic heart disease

damage to heart muscle and heart valves by rheumatic fever

66

thrombophlebitis

inflammation of vein associated with blood clot

67

varicose veins

abnormally swollen, twisted veins with defective valves, seen in legs commonly

68

deep vein thrombosis

formation of clot in a deep vein of the body, occurs in femoral and iliac veins

69

PVC

PREMATURE VENTRICULAR CONTRACTION

70

ASHD

ATERIOSCLEROTIC HEART DISEASE

71

VSD

VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT

72

ASD

ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT

73

PDA

PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS

74

DVT

DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS

75

CAD

CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE

76

MVP

MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSE

77

PET

POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY

78

MRA

MAGNETIC RESONANCE ANGIOGRAPHY

79

CABG

CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT

80

PTCA

PERCUTANEOUS TRANSLUMINAL CORONARY ANGIOPLASTY

81

CHF

CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE

82

NSR

NORMAL SINUS RHYTHM