Chapter 8- Blood and Lymph Systems Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8- Blood and Lymph Systems Deck (56):
1

blast/o

germ or bud

2

blast

germ or bud

3

Chrom/o, chromat/o

color

4

chyl/o

juice

5

hem/o, hemat/o

blood

6

immun/o

safe

7

lymph/o

clear fluid

8

morph/o

form

9

phag/o

eat or swallow

10

reticul/o

a net

11

splen/o

spleen

12

thym/o

thymus gland

13

microcytosis

small red blood cells (presence of)

14

macrocytosis

presence of large red blood cells

15

anisocytosis

presence of red blood cells of unique size

16

poikilocytosis

presence of large irregularly shaped red blood cells

17

reticulocytosis

increase of premature red blood cells

18

erythropenia

abnormally reduced amount of red blood cells

19

lymphocytopenia

abnormally reduced amount of lymphocytes

20

neutropenia

a decrease of neutrophils

21

pancytopenia

reduced number of all cellular components in blood

22

hemolysis

breakdown of red blood cells

23

immunocomprimised

impaired immunological defenses caused by an immunodeficiency disorder or a therapy

24

immunosupression

cant provide immune response

25

lymphadenopathy

presence of enlarged lymph nodes

26

splenomegaly

enlargement of spleen

27

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids)

Virus HIV, affects immune cells, transmitted sexually or by blood

28

anemia

reduction of number of red blood cells, amount of hemoglobin, or volume of packed red blood cells, can't transport oxygen

29

aplastic anemia

failure of bone marrow to produce red blood cells

30

pernicious anemia

inadequeate supply of vitamin b12, caused bad effects for red blood cells (volume, amount, size)

31

autoimmune disease

abnormal immune system, body produces antibodies against itself

32

erythroblastosis fetalis

Rh positive fetus, rh negative mother, red blood cell destruction in fetus

33

hemochromatosis

increased iron (hereditary)

34

Rh pos, Rh neg

pos- antigens, neg- no antigens

35

hemophilia

defect in clotting

36

leukemia

abnormal leukocytes in blood and bone marrow

37

myelodysplasia

disorder of bonemarrow, abnormal stem cells, can develop into leukemia

38

mononucleosis

epstein-barr virus, increase of monocytes and lymphocytes in blood, enlargement of lymph nodes, sore throat

39

polycythemia

increased number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin

40

septicemia

infection of microorganisms and toxins circulating throughout system of blood

41

thrombocytopenia

bleeding disorder, abnormal decrease of platelets

42

CBC

complete blood count

43

RBC

red blood cell or count

44

WBC

white blood cell or count

45

HGB

hemoglobin

46

HCT

hematocrit

47

PLT

platelet count

48

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

49

PTT

partial thromboplastin time

50

PT

prothrombin time

51

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

52

PMN

polymorphonuclear leukocyte

53

CT

computed tomography

54

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

55

ALT

alanine aminotransferase (enzyme)

56

AST

aspartate aminotransferase (enzyme)