Chapter 11- Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11- Endocrine System Deck (52):
1

adren/o, adrenal/o

adrenal gland

2

andr/o

male

3

dips/o

thirst

4

hormon/o

hormone

5

ket/o, keton/o

ketone bodies

6

pancreat/o

pancreas

7

thyr/o, thyroid/o

thyroid gland

8

exophthalamus (os)

protrusion of 1 or both eyeballs, thyroid dysfunction or tumor behind eye

9

glucosuria, glycosuria

glucose in the urine

10

hirsutism

an excessive growth of hair, woman with beard

11

hypercalcemia/hypo

high level calcium in blood/ low level

12

hyperglycemia/hypo

high blood sugar/ low

13

hyperkalemia/hypo

high level of blood potassium/ low

14

hypernatremia/ hypo

high level of sodium ions in blood/ low

15

hypersecretion/ hyposecretion

abnormally increased secretion/ decreased

16

ketosis, ketoacidosis, diabetic ketoacidosis

abnormal amount of ketone bodies in blood and urine. Shows abnormal utilization of carbs

17

polydipsia

excessive thirst

18

polyuria

excessive urination

19

cushing syndrome

hypersecretion of cortisol from adrenal gland

20

adrenal virilism

hypersecretion of androgen (male sex hormone) from adrenal gland in women

21

diabetes mellitus

metabollic disorder, abnormal usage of insulin

22

type 1 DM

no beta cell production of insulin, dependent on insulin

23

type 2 DM

production of insulin but not enough, or resistance, not dependent on insulin

24

hyperinsulinism

condition of excessive insulin , draws too much sugar out of blood

25

pancreatitis

inflammation of pancreas

26

hyperparathyroidism/hypo

hypersecretion of parathyroid glands/hyposecretion

27

acromegaly

enlarged features, hypersecretion of pituitary gland after puberty

28

diabetes insipidus

abnormal increase in urine, from inadequate secretion of pituitary ADH

29

pituitary dwarfism

congenital hyposecretion of growth hormone

30

pituitary gigantism

hypersecretion of growth hormone of childhood

31

goiter

enlargement of thyroid gland caused by dysfunction, tumor, or lack of iodine in diet

32

hyperthyroidism, graves disease, thyrotoxicosis

hypersecretion of thyroid gland

33

hypothyroidism

hyposecretion of thyroid gland, sluggishness, slow pulse, obesity

34

myxedema

advanced hyposecretion in adults but with dry skin

35

cretinism

congenital hypothyroidism in children, lack of mental development and dwarfed

36

adrenalectomy

excision of adrenal gland

37

hypophysectomy

excision of pituitary gland

38

pancreatectomy

excision of pancreas

39

parathyroidectomy

excision of parathyroid gland

40

thymectomy

excision of thymus gland

41

thyroidectomy

excision of thyroid gland

42

TSH

THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE

43

PTH

PARATHYROID HORMONE

44

LH

LUTEINIZING HORMONE

45

FSH

FOLLICLE-STIMULATING HORMONE

46

FBS

FASTING BLOOD SUGAR

47

DKA

DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS

48

ACTH

ADRENOCORTICOTROPHIC HORMONE

49

HRT

HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY

50

aden/o

gland

51

gluc/o, glucos/o, glyc/o, glycos/o

sugar

52

thym/o

thymus gland