Chapter 3- Fields of Practice Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3- Fields of Practice Deck (59):
1

chir/o

hand

2

crin/o

to secrete

3

enter/o

small intestine

4

esthesi/o

sensation

5

gastr/o

stomach

6

gen/o

origin or production

7

ger/o

old age

8

gynec/o

woman

9

laryng/o

voicebox

10

obstetr/o

midwife

11

onc/o

tumor

12

ophthalm/o, opt/o

eye

13

ot/o

ear

14

path/o

disease

15

plas/o

formation

16

vascul/o

vessel

17

ped/o

child or foot

18

D.D.S

doctor of dental surgery- treatment of dental disorders requiring surgery

19

M.D.

Doctor of medicine

20

D.O

Doctor of Osteopathic medicine- Like M.D. but emphasis in musculoskeletal system in maintaining function and balance in the body

21

Ph.D.

Doctor of psychology-counsel of patients with mental or emotional disorders

22

D.C.

Doctor of chiropractic Medicine- treatment centered on manipulation of the spine to maintain function and balance in the body

23

Cardiology

diagnosis and management of conditions related to the heart and blood vessels

24

Endocrinology

diagnosis and management of diseases of the endocrine glands, e.g., diabetes, obesity, thyroid, dysfunction

25

Gastroenterology

diagnosis and management of conditions related to the digestive system

26

Geriatric medicine

diagnosis and medical management of conditions affecting the elderly; also a subspeciality of family practice

27

Hematology

diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders

28

Nephrology

nonsurgical treatment of kidney disorder

29

oncology

treatment of tumors and cancer

30

rheumatology

treatment of arthritis and related disorders

31

medical genetics

diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of genetic (inherited) disorders; includes research, laboratory testing, and counseling

32

neurology

nonsurgical treatment of diseases of the nervous sytem

33

neurological surgery

surgical and nonsurgical treatment of diseases of the nervous system and supportive structures, including blood vessels

34

nuclear medicine

use of radioactive substances to diagnose and treat disease; a dual specialty in other fields such as radiology, internal medicine, neurology, and cardiology is common.

35

Obstetrics

care and treatment of mother and fetus throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and immediate postpartum period

36

Gynecology

medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the female reproductive and urinary system

37

Ophthalmology

medical and surgical treatment of the eye, including vision care and services.

38

Orthopedic surgery

medical, surgical, and rehabilitative treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system, including the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves

39

Otolaryngology

medical and surgical treatment of diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat, and adjoining structure of the head and neck

40

ENT

ear, nose, throat physician

41

Pathology

study of disease emphasizing examination of tissue for diagnosis, e.g., biopsy, autopsy

42

Pediatrics

comprehensive medical care of infants, children, and adolescents, with emphasis on disease prevention and healthful physical and mental development

43

Physical medicine and rehabilitation physiatry

treatment of patients suffering from neuromusculoskeletal disorders caused by illness or injury, e.g., stroke, spinal cord injury

44

Plastic surgery

surgery for restoration, repair, or reconstruction of body strucutres, e.g., body contouring, skin grafting

45

Preventative medicine

medical care that focuses on prevention of disease and health maintenance; specialty areas include: aerospace medicine, occupational medicine, public health, and general preventative medicine

46

Psychiatry

diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders

47

Radiology

use of ionizing and nonionizing imaging modalities, including x-ray, radionuclides, magnetic resonance, and ultrasound, to diagnose disease, or in therapies that involve imaging guidance; primary fields include diagnostic radiology, radiation oncology, and radiation physics

48

surgery

treatment of diseases and trauma requiring an operation; -subspeciality areas include vascular, pediatric, hand, and critical care surgery

49

Thoracic surgery

treatment of diseases, deformities, and trauma requiring an operation within the chest, including the heart and lungs

50

Urology

surgical and nonsurgical treatment of the male urinary and reproductive system and the female urinary system

51

O.D.

Doctor of optometry- diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of the eye, including vision care and services

52

D.P.M

Doctor of podiatric medicine- diagnosis and treatment (including surgery) or disorders of the foot

53

Allergy and immunology

diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of allergic diseases, including asthma, and diagnosis, management, and therapy of immunologic diseases, e.g., autoimmune disorders

54

Anesthesiology

comprehensive medical management and anesthetic care before, during, and after surgery and long-term pain management and critical care related to cardiac and respiratory emergencies

55

Colon and rectal surgery

diagnosis, medical care, and surgical treatment of conditions related to the small intestine, colon, and rectum

56

Dermatology

medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the skin and its appendages, e.g., hair, nails, including cosmetic care

57

Emergency medicine

prehospital emergency medical care of acutely ill or injured patients; most commonly rendered in an emergency department of a hospital or a free-standing urgent care facility

58

Family practice

comprehensive general medical care of individuals of all ages and their families, with emphasis on disease prevention and health promotion

59

Internal medicine

nonsurgical care centered around prevention, diagnosis and treatment of adults