Chapter 6- Musculoskeletal System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6- Musculoskeletal System Deck (88):
1

ankyl/o

crooked or stiff

2

arthr/o, articul/o

joint

3

brachi/o

arm

4

cervic/o

neck

5

chondr/o

cartilage

6

cost/o

rib

7

crani/o

skull

8

dactyl/o

digit

9

fasci/o

fascia (band)

10

femor/o

femur

11

fibr/o

fiber

12

kyph/o

humpback

13

lei/o

smooth

14

lord/o

bent

15

lumb/o

loin (lower back)

16

myel/o

bone marrow or spinal cord

17

my/o, myos/o, muscul/o

muscle

18

oste/o

bone

19

patell/o

knee cap

20

pelv/i, pelv/o

hipbone or pelvic cavity

21

radi/o

radius

22

rhabd/o

rod shaped or striated (skeletal)

23

sarc/o

flesh

24

scoli/o

twisted

25

spondyl/o, vertebr/o

vertebra

26

stern/o

sternum

27

ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o

tendon

28

thorac/o

chest

29

ton/o

tone or tension

30

uln/o

ulna

31

arthralgia

joint pain

32

atrophy

shrinking of tissue as much as possible

33

crepitation, crepitus

grating sound made by movement of broken bones or some joints

34

exostosis

projection of bone that arises from cartilage

35

flaccid

deficient muscle tone

36

hypertrophy

increase in size of muscle

37

hypotonia

reduced muscle tone

38

myalgia, myodynia

muscle pain

39

ostealgia, osteodynia

bone pain

40

rigor, rigidity

stiffness, stiff muscle

41

spasm

involuntary contraction of muscle

42

spastic

uncontrolled contractions of skeletal muscle, causes stiff and awkward movements

43

tetany

tension, prolonged contraction

44

tremor

shaking muscular movement

45

ankylosis

stiff joint condition

46

arthritis

inflammation of joints, redness, swelling, warmth, and limitation of movement

47

rheumatoid arthritis

chronic inflammation affecting joints and synovial membranes, hands and feet, causing ankylosis

48

gouty arthritis

acute attacks of arthritis (usually in single joint), caused by hyperurecemia, excessive amount of uric acid in the blood

49

bony necrosis, sequestrum

dead bone tissue from loss of blood supply

50

bunion

swelling of joint at big toe caused by inflammation of bursa

51

bursitis

inflammation of bursa

52

carpal tunnel syndrome

from compression of median nerve within the carpal tunnel at the wrist, pain, numbness, tingling, weak grip of wrist and fingers

53

chondromalacia

softening of cartilage

54

epiphysitis

inflammation of epiphyseal regions of long bones

55

closed fracture

no open wound

56

open fracture

open wound, compound fracture

57

simple fracture

nondisplaced, one fracture line, no need of extensive repair

58

complex fracture

displaced, requires repair

59

fracture line

line made by broken bone

60

comminuted fracture

broken in many little pieces

61

greenstick fracture

bending and incomplete break of bone

62

herniated disk

protrusion of degenerated or fragmented intervertebral disc, nucleus pulposus protrudes, compression on nerve root

63

myeloma

bone marrow tumor

64

myositis

inflammation of muscle

65

myoma

muscle tumor

66

leiomyoma

smooth muscle tumor

67

leiomyosarcoma

malignant smooth muscle tumor

68

rhabdomyoma

skeletal muscle tumor

69

rhabdomyosarcoma

malignant skeletal muscle tumor

70

muscular dystrophy

genetically transmitted disease, progessive atrophy of skeletal muscle

71

osteoma

bone tumor

72

osteosarcoma

type of malignant bone tumor

73

osteomalacia

disease of softening of bones (deficiency of calcium and vitaminD)

74

rickets

osteomalacia in children

75

osteomyelitis

infection of bone and bone marrow causing inflammation

76

osteoporosis

decreased bone density, increased porosity

77

kyphosis

humpack, abnormal posterior curve of thoracic spine

78

lordosis

abnormal anterior curvature of lumbar spine, sway back

79

scoliosis

s-shaped, abnormal lateral curvature

80

spondylolisthesis

forward slipping of lumbar vertebra

81

spondylosis

immobile vertebrae from joint degeneration

82

sprain

ligament injury, joint trauma but no fracture or dislocation

83

subluxation

a partial dislocation

84

tendinitis, tendonitis

inflammation of tendon

85

analgesic

a drug that relieves pain

86

narcotic

potent analgesic (relieve pain)

87

antipyretic

a drug that relieves fever

88

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

drug with analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties (ibuprofen, aspirin)