Chapter 2- Basic Components Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2- Basic Components Deck (112):
1

a-, an-

without

2

anti-, contra-

against or opposed to

3

de-

from, down, or not

4

ab-/ad-

away/towards or near

5

circum-, peri-

around

6

dia-, trans-

across or through

7

e-, ec-, ex-

out or away

8

ecto-, exo-, extra-

outside

9

en-, endo-, intra-

within

10

epi-

upon

11

inter-

between

12

meso-

middle

13

meta-

beyond, after, change

14

para-

alongside or abnormal

15

retro-

backward or behind

16

sub-, infra-

below or under

17

bi-, hemi-, semi-, mono, uni, quadri, tri

2 or both, half, one, 4, 3

18

hyper-/hypo-

above or excessive, under or deficient

19

macro-/micro-

large/small

20

oligo-, poly-, multi

few, many

21

pan-

all

22

super-/supra-

above or excessive

23

ultra-

beyond or excessive

24

ante-, pre-, pro-

before

25

brady-

slow

26

tachy-

fast

27

post-

after or behind

28

re-

again or back

29

con-, syn-, sym

together or with

30

dys-

painful or difficult

31

eu-

good or normal

32

neo-

new

33

lapar/o

abdomen

34

acr/o

extremity

35

carcin/o

cancer

36

cyan/o

blue

37

cyt/o

cell

38

dextr/o

right

39

gen/o

origin or production

40

hem/o

blood

41

hepat/o

liver

42

hydr/o

water

43

lith/o

stone

44

melan/o

black

45

or/o

mouth

46

orth/o

straight, normal, correct

47

morph/o

form

48

necr/o

death

49

path/o

disease

50

plas/o

formation

51

py/o

pus

52

ren/o, nephr/o

kidney

53

scler/o

hard

54

sinistr/o

left or on left side

55

sten/o

narrow

56

troph/o

nourishment or development

57

-algia, -dynia

pain

58

-genesis

origin or production

59

-lysis

breakdown

60

-megaly

-enlargement

61

-oid

resembling

62

-penia

abnormal reduction

63

-rrhea

discharge

64

-spasm

involuntary contraction

65

-cele

pouching or hernia

66

-ectasis

expansion or dilation

67

-emia

blood condition

68

-iasis

-formation or presence of

69

-itis

inflammation

70

-malacia

softening

71

-oma

tumor

72

-osis

condition or increase

73

-phil/-philia

attraction for

74

-ptosis

falling or downward displacement

75

-rrhage/ -rrhagia

to burst forth (usually blood)

76

-rrhexis

rupture

77

-centesis

puncture for aspiration

78

-desis

binding

79

-ectomy

excision or removal

80

-pexy

suspension or fixation

81

-plasty

surgical repair

82

-rraphy

suture

83

-tomy

incision

84

-stomy

creation of an opening

85

-tripsy

crushing

86

-ia/ -ism

condition of

87

-ium

structure or tissue

88

-ation/ -y

condition or process of

89

pertaining to (suffixes)

ac, al, ar, ary, eal, ic, ous, tic

90

small (suffixes)

icle, ole, ula, ule

91

-gram

record

92

-graph

-instrument for recording

93

-graphy

process of recording

94

-iatrics/-iatry

treatment

95

-logy/-logist

study of/ one who specializes in a study

96

-ist

one who specializes in

97

-meter

instrument for measuring

98

-metry

process of measuring

99

-poiesis

formation

100

-scope

instrument for examination

101

-scopy

examination

102

-stasis

stop or stand

103

singular = -a

plural= ?

-ae

ex. vertebra to vertebrae

104

singular = -is

plural= ?

-es

ex. diagnosis to diagnoses

105

singular= -ma

plural= ?

-mata

ex. condyloma to condylomata

106

singular= -on

plural= ?

-a

ex. phenomenon to phenomena

107

singular= -um

plural= ?

-a

ex. bacterium to bacteria

108

singular= -us

plural= ?

-i

ex. fungus to fungi

109

singular= -ax

plural= ?

-aces

ex. thorax to thoraces

110

singular= -ex

plural= ?

-ices

ex. apex to apices

111

singular= -ix

plural= ?

-ices

ex. appendix to appendices

112

singular= -y

plural= ?

-ies

ex. myopathy to myopathies