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Flashcards in chapter 11 Deck (17):
1

family

a group of individuals related to one another by blood ties, marriage or adoption, who form an economic unit, the adult members of which are responsible for the upbringing of children. all known societies involve some form of family system, although the nature of family relationships varies widely.

2

kinship

a relation that links individuals through blood ties, marriage or adoption. kinship relations are by definition part of marriage and the family but extend much more broadly.

3

marriage

a socially and legally approved sexual relationship between 2 individuals. almost always involves 2 persons of opposite sexes, but in some cultures types of homosexual marriages are tolerated. it is expected that married couples will produce and bring up children.

4

nuclear family

a family group consisting of an adult or adult couple and their dependent children

5

extended family

a family group consisting of more than 2 generations of relatives

6

family of orientation

the family into which an individual is born or adopted

7

family of procreation

the family an individual initiates through marriage or by having children

8

matrilocal family

a family system in which the husband is expected to live near the wife's parents

9

patrilocal family

a family system in which the wife is expected to live near the husbands parents

10

monogamy

a for of marriage in which each married partner is allowed only one spouse at a given time

11

polygamy

a form of marriage in which a person may have 2 or more spouses simultaneously

12

polygyny

a form of marriage in which a man may have 2 or more wives simultaneously

13

polyandry

a form of marriage in which a woman may have 2 or more husbands simultaneously

14

primary socialization

the process by which children learn the cultural norms of the society into which they are born. occurs largely in the family

15

personality stabilization

according to the theory of functionalism, the family plays an important role in assisting its adult members emotionally. marriage between the adult men and women is the arrangement through which personalities are supported and kept healthy

16

stepfamily

a family in which at least one partner has children from a previous marriage

17

cohabitation

2 people living together in a sexual relationship of some permanence, without being married to one another