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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (20):
1

microsociology

the study of human behavior in face-to-face interactions

2

social interactions

the process by which we act and react to those around us

3

civil inattention

process whereby individuals in the same physical setting demonstrate to one another that they are aware of each others presence

4

nonverbal communication

communication between individuals based on facial expressions or bodily gestures rather than language

5

social role

socially defined expectations of an individual in a given status, or occupying social position.

6

status

the social honor or prestige that a particular group is accorded by other members of a society. normally display distinct styles of life. status privilege may be positive or negative

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social position

the social identity a person has in a given group or society. may be general in nature (gender roles) or more specific (occupations)

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impression management

preparing for the presentation of one's social role

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unfocused interaction

occurs among people present in particular setting but not engaged in face to face communication

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focused interaction

interaction between individuals engaged in a common activity or in direct conversation with one another

11

encounter

a meeting between 2 or more people in a situation of face to face interaction. daily lives can be seen as a a series of different encounters strung out throughout the day

12

ethnomethodology

the study of how people make sense of what others say and do in the course of day to day social interaction.

13

conversation analysis

empirical study of conversations, employing techniques drawn from ethnomethodology. examines details of naturally occurring conversations to reveal the organizational principles of talk and its role sin production and reproduction of social order

14

interactional vandalism

the deliberate subversion of the tacit rules of conversation

15

response cries

seemingly involuntary exclamations people make when being taken by surprise or dropping something or expressing pleasure

16

personal space

the physical space individuals maintain between themselves and others

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time-space

when and where events occur

18

regionalization

the division of social life into different regional settings or zones

19

clock time

time as measured by the clock, in terms of hours minutes and seconds. before clocks, time was based on events occurring in the natural world

20

compulsion of proximity

people's need to interact with others in their presence