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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (27):
1

socialization

the social process through which we develop an awareness of social norms and values and achieve a distinct sense of self. continue throughout life

2

social reproduction

the process whereby societies have structural continuity over time. important pathway through which parents transmit or produce values, norms and social practice among their children

3

cognition

human thought process involving perception, reasoning and remembering

4

social self

the basis of self consciousness in human individuals. conferred upon an individual by the reaction of others

5

self consciousness

awareness of one's distinct social identity as a person separate from others. acquire this as a result of early socialization learning of language is vital to becoming self conscious

6

generalized other

concept by Mead, an individual takes over the general values of a given group or society during the socialization process

7

sensorimonitor stage

Piaget, stage of human cognitive development in which the child's awareness of its environment is dominated by perception and touch

8

preoperational stage

Piaget, child has advanced sufficiency to master basic modes of logical thought

9

egocentric

Piaget, characteristic quality of a child during the early years of her life. involves understanding objects and events in the environment solely in terms of the child's own position

10

concrete operational stage

stage of human cognitive development, child's thinking is based on physical perception of the world. child is not yet capable of dealing with abstract concepts or hypothetical situations

11

formal operational stage

the growing child become scalable of handling abstract concepts and hypothetical situations

12

agents of socialization

groups of social contexts within which process of socialization take place

13

nuclear family

a family group consisting of an adult or adult couple and their dependent children

14

peer group

a friendship group composed of individuals of similar age and social status

15

age-grades

the system found in small traditional cultures by which people belonging to a similar age group are categorized together and hold similar rights and obligations

16

social roles

socially defined expectations of an individual in a given status or occupying a particular social position.

17

self-identity

the ongoing process of self-development and definition of our personal identity through which we formulate a unique sense of ourselves and our relationship to the world around us

18

life course

the various transitions and stages people experience during their lives

19

aging

the combination of biological, physical and social processes that affect people as they grow older

20

social gerontologists

those who study aging and the elderly

21

disengagement theory

functionalist theory of aging that holds that it is functional to remove people from their traditional roles when they become elderly, thereby freeing up those roles for others

22

activity theory

busy, engaged people are more likely to lead fulfilling and productive lives

23

social conflict theories of aging

arguments that emphasize the ways in which larger social structure helps shape the opportunities available to the elderly

24

young old

person between the ages 65-74

25

old old

person between the ages 75-84

26

oldest old

person age 85 or older

27

ageism

discrimination or prejudice against a person on the grounds of age