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Flashcards in chapter 11 Deck (37):
1

the allies

France
Great Britain
Russia

US didn't get involved until 1917

2

central powers

Germany
Austria Hungary
Ottoman Empire

3

the two reasons the US joined the war

sinking of the Lusitania
Zimmerman note

4

5 long term causes of World War I

Militarism
Alliances
Nationalism
Imperialism
Assassination of the Archduke

5

tactic to get ships safely across the Atlantic

convoy system

6

president could claim that the American entry into WWI was moralistic when what country drops out

Russia

We claim that the war was democracies against brutal monarchies when the czar fails and Russia is in revolution

7

what was the date of the armistice

11/11/11/18

8

what is an armistice

a cease fire
truce

until treat can be drawn up

9

24 million men register under what act

selective service act

10

Eddie rickenbacker

American flying ace

11

Alvin York

AEF hero

12

war industries board

gained control over the economy by controlling raw materials and setting production quotas

13

propaganda

biased communication that George creel used effectively to get America behind the war effort

14

national war labor board

workers make more gains as a result of this board than they do as a result of strikes

15

two gains made by American women as a result of the war

more jobs
the vote, 19th amendment

16

the flu

more civilians died as a result of this than the war
epidemic swept across the globe as a result of soldiers coming home
killed 500,000 Americans and 30 million worldwide

17

most important of president wilsons 14 points

League of Nations
settles disputes peacefully by discussion rather than by gun
international organization for peace

18

Germany

accepted full blame for the war
war guilt clause was one of the reasons Germany continues to fight 20 years later

19

America

refused to ratify the treaty of Versailles
president Wilson was one of the leaders of the conference, however senate refused to ratify treaty on national ground

20

Henry Cabot lodge

senator was the leading opponent of the treaty

21

country that loses the most territory

Russia
drop out of war and not invited to peace conference
too weak to do anything about it

22

conscientious objector

a person who opposes war on a moral ground
religion

23

trench warfare

bogged down this kind of war
front never moved more than a few miles in either direction

24

nationalism
patriotism

devotion to the interests and culture of ones nation

25

what did imperialism cause

60 countries dragged into the war because of countries controlling other colonies

26

what did the war cost

338 billion

27

how many lives were lost in the war

22 million

28

where did the assassination of archduke Ferdinand take place

Sarajevo
in the Austria Hungarian empire

29

militarism

strong army

30

nationalism

rivalry between nations

31

imperialism

own colonies around the world

32

how did the war impact average Americans

food and fuel limited
clothes of women

32

how did the war impact African Americans

caused the great migration which let to jobs and becoming a solider

33

how did the war impact women

moved to men's jobs
19th amendment, right to vote

34

how did the war impact immigrants

attacked
deported
hanged
lost jobs

35

how did Americans prepare for war

selective service act
mass production

36

wilsons 14 points vs treaty of Versailles

WILSON WANTED WAR AND PEACE

TREATY THOUGHT POINTS WERE TOO LENIENT ON CONQUERED CONTRIES