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Flashcards in chapter 17 Deck (33):
1

George Marshall

Army Chief of Staff

2

A. Phillip Randolph

Called on African Americans everywhere to march for equality during the war.

3

Office of Price Administration

Fought inflation by freezing prices, wages rents, rationed food

4

National War Labor Board

Limited wage increases, kept people from changing unions.

5

War Production Board

Rationed fuel and materials vital to the war effort to ensure industry gets the resources it needs to produce for the war.

6

Department of the Treasury

Issued war bonds to raise money for the war effort.

7

Rationing

Established fixed amounts of goods consumers could purchase by issuing coupon books so that the military had what it needed for the war effort.

8

Operation Torch

Allied invasion of North Africa.

9

Battle of Stalingrad

Soviet victory is turning point on the Eastern Front. Germany in retreat from this point onward until V-E day

10

Dwight Eisenhower

Allied Supreme Commander in Europe. Led Operation Torch and D-Day planning.

11

George Patton

US Tank Commander, defeated Rommel in Africa and led Battle of the Bulge.

12

Operation Overlord

Code name for D-Day, the allied invasion of France. June 6, 1944. Turning point in the War in Europe.

13

Battle of the Bulge

Last ditch effort by the Germans to win the war, they wanted to split American and British forces and break up allied supply lines.

14

V-E day

May 8, 1945, marks the end of fighting in Europe. Germany surrenders unconditionally.

15

Harry Truman

Takes over after Roosevelt dies in April of 1945.
Orders to drop atomic bomb

16

Douglas MacArthur

Allied Supreme Commander in the Pacific.

17

Doolittle Raid

led 16 bombers in an attack on Tokyo, lifting American spirits after Pearl Harbor.

18

Corral Sea

First time Japanese attack had been turned back in the war.

19

Midway

Turning point in the Pacific, Japanese forces defeated and four aircraft carriers destroyed, breaking the Japanese ability to carry out offensive war.

20

Iwo Jima

Greatest number of American casualties in the war in the Pacific.

21

Okinawa

Showed the Allies how tough and costly an invasion of the Japanese islands would be.

22

Robert Oppenheimer

Research Director of the Manhattan Project

23

Manhattan Project

Code name for development of the atomic bomb

24

Hiroshima

First atomic bomb, Little Boy, dropped over this industrial city.

25

Nagasaki

Second atomic bomb dropped over this city, ending World War II.

26

Nuremberg Trials

Nazi leaders put on trial for crimes against humanity.

27

Yalta Conference

Big Three meet at seaside resort to discuss the fate of Germany and the postwar world. Soviets agree to assist America in defeating Japan.

28

Occupation of Japan

Douglas MacArthur reshaped Japan's economy and introduced free market practices and transformed the government into a democracy. The MacArthur Constitution is still in Place.

29

El-Alemien

Turning point in North Africa. Patton defeated Rommel and the allies move into Southern Italy.

30

CORE

Congress Racial Equality
fights segregation
James Farmer - founder

31

JACL

Japanese American Citizen League
pushed government to compensate prisoners

32

GI Bill of Rights

free college for veterans
federal loans for homes and businesses

33

Japanese Americans

Nisei