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Flashcards in chapter 18 Deck (27):
1

2 economic systems in conflict during the cold war

communism
capialism

2

iron curtain

"from stettin in the baltic to trieste in the adriatic" winston churchill

division between communist countries and free west

3

containment

8,000 word telegram sent by george f kennan
basic policy of the US for stopping the spread of communism

4

truman doctrine

idea that led to US support for Greece and Turkey

5

two organizations that the US joined to end any hopes of isolationistic tendencies after WWII

UN
NATO

6

United Nation

a peace keeping organization

7

NATO

12 member defensive alliance system in 1949 after blockade

8

Chiang Kai-shek

leader of nationalist forces in struggle for power in China

9

Mao Zedong

led communists to power in 1949
leader of communist forces in China

10

38th parallel

where Korea starts and ends
same after war

11

General Douglas MacArthur

El Supremo
leader of the UN forces in Japan and Korea

12

why did Truman fire MacArthur

disobeyed direct orders to stop discussing war with China

13

HUAC

House Unamerican Activities Committee
investigated communist influences in the movie industry

14

The Hollywood Ten

refused to cooperate because the HUAC investigation was unconstitutional
sent to prison
accused of soviet propaganda

15

Alger Hiss

accused to spying for the soviets by Whittaker Chambers
jailed for perjury

16

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

only two spies that were executed for espionage
accused of giving soviet union info about US atomic bomb

17

McCarron Act

unlawful to plan any action that might lead to the establishment of a totalitarian dicatorship in US

18

Warsaw Pact

soviet response to NATO

19

brinksmanship

relying heavily on atomics

20

the central intelligence agency

used spies around the world to gather info
carried out covert operations
interfered with foreign governments

all to stop communism

21

Sputnik

shot into space by soviet union
first unmanned artificial satellite put into space

22

Gary Francis Powers

spied on soviet union
took pictures from his plane
U-2 high flier
shot down over enemy airspace
created international incident

23

marshall plan

aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave $13 billion

24

berlin airlift

sent 1 plane every two minutes for 11 months to eastern germany for food and supplies

because of berlin blockade

25

blacklist

people condemned for having communist background

26

joseph mccarthy

ineffective legislator who accused communists of taking over government
caught when he made accusations about army

27

mccarthyism

attacks on suspected communists