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Flashcards in chapter 21 Deck (32):
1

Plessy v Ferguson

signs like “colored water” and “Whites Only” were the norm for more than 55 years

mixed

2

NAACP

(National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)
WEB Dubois
focused on inequalities of segregated public education

3

Brown v Board of Education

girl denied admission to all white school
overturned plessy v ferguson

4

Little rock 9

group of students in arkansas that went to school for the first time with whites
eisenhower sent 101st airborne

5

Orval Faubus

tried to turn away the little rock 9

6

four people that influenced MLK's brand of non violent resistance called soul force

Jesus
Randolph
Gandhi
Thoreau

7

freedom riders

hoped to integrate buses and bus terminals

8

letter from a birmingham jail

MLK
protesting segregation in south
views on civil rights movement

9

civil rights act of 1964

banned discrimination in public accommodations and employment
established equal employment opportunity commission

10

freedom summer

campaign focused in Mississippi
began to register blacks to vote
3 civil rights workers killed

11

voting rights act of 1965

eliminated literacy tests

12

de facto segregation

based on practice and custom

13

Watts neighborhood

LA
worst race riots in history
34 killed
hundreds of millions in damage

14

Malcolm X

follower of nation of islam
philosophy of black superiority
radical (militant approach)

15

Stokely Carmichael

called for black people to define their own goals
black power
changed from SNCC to black panthers

16

James Earl Ray

MLK ended his march on a balcony in Memphis as a result of him

17

Thurgood Marshall

NAACP lawyer
lead attorney of Brown v Board of education
first black american supreme court justice

18

MLK

pastor until montgomery boycott
known for soul force

19

Joe Jackson

civil rights leader
wanted direct action in positive form
build black community
voting was key

20

Emmitt Till

case showed blacks weren't treated fair in courts
murdered for whistling

21

affirmative action

seeks to correct past discrimination
favored previously disadvantaged
first used for education and job opportunities

22

Jim Crow Laws

wanted blacks separate

voting
sitting on juries
appearing in public with whites

23

three ways blacks were kept from voting

literact test
poll tax
grandfather clause

24

nation of islam

based off teachings of Elijah Muhammed
preached that whites were cause of black condition
blacks should separate from white society
defend themselves

25

sncc

student nonviolent coordinating committee

confrontational
students

26

sclc

southern Christian leadership conference

marches and protests
older and church leaders

27

how did Kennedy help the freedom riders

sent 400 us marshals to protect riders

28

March on Washington

demand congress to pass civil rights bill

A Phillip Randolph

I have a dream speech

29

March from Selma to Montgomery

violent
wanted to have a new voting rights act to register black voter

30

de jure segregation

segregation by law

31

Malcolm x after Mecca

equality
integrate

32

black panthers

political party to fight police brutality