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Flashcards in chapter 5 Deck (49):
1

how did warriors show their bravery

counting coop and or killing enemies

2

main source of food clothing and shelter for native Americans

buffalo

3

massacre at sand creek

first clashes between natives and whites
colonel John chivington
ordered an attack killing over 150 mostly women and children
led to an attack on Bozeman trail

4

three things the government does to bring an end to native culture

assimilation
killing the buffalo
Dawes act

5

counting coup

touching a live enemy with a coup stick and escaping unharmed

6

assimilation

Native Americans would give up their beliefs and way of life to become part of white culture

7

Longhorns

perfectly suited for life on the plains in Texas. it was left behind by Spanish. short tempered

8

3 words that the cowboy adopts from the Spanish

(6)

rodeo
vaquero
bronco
chaps
mustang
corral

9

vaquero

taught Americans how to rope ride and handle longhorn

10

rapidly growing cities and industrialization lead to the increased demand for what product

beef

11

Joseph McCoy

started a hotel and stockyards
enticed Cowboys to drive cattle
to the railhead
shipping to the markets in the east

12

ending of the open range reasons

(4)

barbed wire
overgrazing
homestead act
railway act

13

two hardships that settlers faced on the plains

(7)

drought
fires
floods
blizzards
plagues
Indian attacks
lawlessness

14

home on the plains were called

dugouts and soddys

15

dugouts and soddies characteristics

(4)

poorly lit
poorly venerated
rat snakes and insects
well insulated

16

two inventions that led to increased production on the plains

(4)

steel plow
reapers
seed drill
barbed wire

17

Morrill land grant act

land grant colleges (agriculture and engineering)
30,000 acres
within 5 years

18

acts were all intended to encourage
Wild West

people to move and settle in plains

19

Chinese
railroads

used to build the railroads in WEST

20

exodusters

African Americans who moved from south to plains.

21

most of the land from the homestead act wound up in the hands of. why?

investors and businessmen

seeking profits and wanted more land

22

two reasons farmers were losing money

(4)

overproduction
too many loans
deflation
excessive railroad charges

23

The grange / patrons of husbandry

who
3 characteristics

OLIVER KELLY
organization for farmers
social outlet for source of education
fought for railroad regulation

24

Populist Party

common person have a greater voice in the government

25

two economic reforms proposed by populists

(3)

increase money supply
graduated income tax
federal loans for farmers (cheap interest rates)

26

two political reforms proposed by the populists

(5)

election of senators by popular vote
single terms for president
secret ballot
8 hour work day
restrictions on immigration

27

William Jennings Bryan

election

silverities
democrat
farmers / laborers
south and west
not so rich


CROSS OF GOLD

28

McKinley

election

gold bugs
republican
bankers and businessmen
east and north
rich

29

bimetalism

gov would give citizens gold or silver in exchange for paper currency (worth more)

30

Dawes Act

Indians to own land and become farmers
must be 18+ or declare to be citizen
1/8 section, 80 acres
25 years

31

railway act

to create railways in west and transcontinental railroad
10 acres per mile of track laid
well land and pay for building railroad

32

homestead act

move families west to farm
head of family, 21+, can't bear arms
160 acres
5 years before its yours

33

Native American gender roles

M hunter and warrior and leaders
F provide for kids, cooked, farmed, clothing and household

34

white gender roles in the Great Plains

M farmers main source of income, protectors and warriors
F cooked food took care of kids and grew crops

35

Native American land ownership was also known as

community land

36

white land ownership
Great Plains

individuals owned specific pieces of land with deed

37

Native American religion

polytheistic, many gods and spirits

38

white religion

monotheistic and Christian

39

White food source

cows
farmed

40

Native American gov

council of elders
traditions not laws

41

white gov
Great Plains

laws
structure
elected leaders

42

grassland extending from the Mississippi to the Rockies

plains

43

sitting bull

(3)

didn't sign treaty of fort Laramie
defeated Custer at little bug horn
killed by Native American police upon surrendering at wounded knee

44

George Custer

reported gold in black hills
led men to be slaughtered at little big horn

45

battle of wounded knee

indian wars ended
300 unarmed women and children killed

46

Chisholm trail

Cattle route from San Antonio to Abiline KS

47

bonanza farms

25,000 to 50,000 acre one crop farm

48

Irish

railroad

built railways in EAST

49

treaty of fort Laramie

Sioux agree to live on a reservation along the Missouri River