chapter 7 part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 7 part 2 Deck (22):
1

what did immigrants revive from political machines

jobs
housing
social services
FOR VOTES

2

what did political machines help with?

naturalization

3

what did political bosses do?

they controlled access to municipal jobs and business licenses

4

what was the main jobs of the political bosses

get people elected
give jobs
make system run

5

two types of graft

kickback
bribe

6

what is a kickback

money under the table for contracts

7

how did politicians cost taxpayers

used fake names
illegally used political influences

8

patronage

exchange for jobs for support; keeps system going

9

spoils system

government jobs all about connections

employees loyal to president and political party

10

Hayes

patronage

couldn't convince congress to support reform (against patronage)

no reelection

11

Garfield

patronage

mugwumps
angered stalwarts
gave reformers patronage jobs

12

Arthur
patronage

stalwart turned mugwump (stopping spoils system)
turned reformer
started Pendleton civil service act

13

Pendleton civil service act

pass test to get job
takes away patronage

14

stalwart

support spoils system

15

mugwump

against spoils system
no republican / democrats
choose any candidate to get rid of spoils system

16

tariffs

tax on imported goods

17

who did the tariffs hurt

poor immigrants

18

Cleveland

tried lowering tariffs
congress refused to support

19

Harrison

wanted higher tariffs than original
McKinley tariff passed

20

McKinley

regarding tariffs

raised tariffs when he became president

21

why did businesses want higher tariffs

so they can raise their prices

22

political machine definition

offered services to voters in exchange for political or financial support